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رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): العِلمُ رَأسُ الخَيرِ كُلِّهِ ، والجَهلُ رَأسُ الشَّرِّ كُلِّهِ.

Knowledge is the root of all good whereas ignorance is the root of all evil.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 175, no. 9; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 501

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): طَلَبُ العِلمِ فَريضَةٌ عَلى كُلِّ مُسلِمٍ... بِهِ يُطاعُ الرَّبُّ ويُعبَدُ ، وبِهِ تُوصَلُ الأرحامُ ، ويُعرَفُ الحَلالُ مِنَ الحَرامِ ، العِلمُ إمامُ العَمَلِ والعَمَلُ تابِعُهُ ، يُلهَمُ بِهِ السُعَداءُ ، ويُحرَمُهُ الأشقِياءُ .

The quest for knowledge is incumbent upon every Muslim… by virtue of it the Lord is obeyed and worshipped, consanguinal relations are maintained, and the lawful is distinguished from the prohibited. Knowledge leads to action and action follows it. The fortunate ones are inspired by it whereas the wretched ones are deprived of it.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Tusi, p. 488, no. 1069; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 501

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أكثَرُ النّاسِ قيمَةً أكثَرُهُم عِلما ، وأقَلُّ النّاسِ قيمَةً أقَلُّهُم عِلما .

The worthiest of people are those who have the most knowledge, and the least of them in worth are those with the least knowledge.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 27, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 501

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أقرَبُ النّاسِ مِن دَرَجَةِ النُّبُوَّةِ أهلُ الجِهادِ وأهلُ العِلمِ .

The people who are closest to the rank of prophethood are the people of knowledge and striving.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Mahajjat al-Baydha, v. 1, p. 14; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 501

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يُوزَنُ يَومَ القِيامَةِ مِدادُ العُلَماءِ ودِماءُ الشُّهَداءِ فيَرجَحُ مِدادُ العُلَماءِ عَلى دِماءِ الشُّهَداءِ.

On the Day of Resurrection, the ink of the scholars will be weighed up against the blood of the martyrs, and the ink of the scholars will preponderate over the blood of the martyrs.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthur, v. 3, no. 423; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 501

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): رَأسُ الفَضائلِ العِلمُ ، غايَةُ الفَضائلِ العِلمُ.

The fountainhead of all virtues is knowledge and the peak of all virtues is knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5234; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ قائدٌ ، والعَمَلُ سائقٌ ، والنَّفسُ حَرونٌ.

Knowledge commands, action drives, and the carnal soul is the obstinate mount.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 208; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ مِصباحُ العَقلِ .

Knowledge is the lamp of the intellect.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 536; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العـِلمُ نِعـمَ الدَليلُ .

Knowledge is indeed a good guide.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 837; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ أشرَفُ الأحسابِ .

Knowledge is the noblest source of repute.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Kanz al-Fawa’ id li al-Karajiki, v. 1, p. 319; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ ضالَّةُ المُؤمِنِ .

Knowledge is the lost property of the believer.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Uyoun Akhbar al-Reza (AS), v. 2, p. 66, no. 295; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كَفى بِالعِلمِ شَرَفاً أن يَدَّعِيَهُ مَن لا يُحسِنُهُ ، ويَفرَحَ بِهِ إذا نُسِبَ إلَيهِ ، وكَفى بِالجَهلِ ذَمّاً يَبرَأُ مِنهُ مَن هُوَ فيهِ .

Knowledge is such a dignified thing that he who is not proficient at it claims to be so, and one is pleased for it to be attributed to him. And ignorance is such a rebuked thing that even the one who possesses it claims to be free of it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 110; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 502

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا كَنزَ أنفَعُ مِنَ العِلمِ .

There is no treasure more profitable than knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 8, p. 19, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 503

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا شَرَفَ كَالعِلمِ .

There is no source of dignity like knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 113; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 503

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كُلُّ وِعاءٍ يَضيقُ بِما جُعِلَ فيهِ إلّا وِعاءَ العِلمِ ؛ فإنَّهُ يَتَّسِعُ بِهِ .

Every container becomes cramped by what is placed therein, except the container that holds knowledge, for verily it expands because of it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 205; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 503

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا أرذَلَ اللّه‏ُ عَبداً حَظَرَ عَلَيهِ العِلمَ .

When Allah wishes to repudiate someone, he deprives him of knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 288; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 503

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ حَياةٌ.

Knowledge is life.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 185; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 503

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ العِلمَ حَياةُ القُلوبِ ، ونورُ الأبصارِ مِنَ العَمى ، وقُوَّةُ الأبدانِ مِنَ الضَّعفِ.

Verily knowledge is the life of the hearts, the light of the eyes from blindness and the strength of the bodies against weakness.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 493, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 503

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لِكُمَيلٍ لَمّا أخَذَ بِيَدِهِ وأخرَجَهُ إلَى الجَبّانِ فلَمّا أصحَرَ تَنَفَّسَ الصُّعَداءَ وقالَ ـ: يا كُمَيلُ ، العِلمُ خَيرٌ مِنَ المالِ ، العِلمُ يَحرُسُكَ وأنتَ تَحرُسُ المالَ ، والمالُ تَنقُصُهُ النَّفَقَةُ ، والعِلمُ يَزكو عَلَى الإنفاقِ ، وصَنيعُ المالِ يَزولُ بِزَوالِهِ.

Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.) once took Kumayl out to the desert, and when they reached the desert, he let out a deep sigh and said, ‘O Kumayl, knowledge is better than wealth for wealth is reduced by spending whereas knowledge causes your spendings to flourish, and any good product of wealth ceases when it ceases to exist.'
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 147; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 504

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): هَلَكَ خُزّانُ الأموالِ وهُم أحياءٌ ، والعُلَماءُ باقونَ ما بَقِيَ الدَّهرُ ، أعيانُهُم مَفقودَةٌ ، وأمثالُهُم فِي القُلوبِ مَوجودَةٌ .

The treasurers of wealth perish during their own lifetimes, whereas the knowledgeable ones remain alive for all time, their individual selves may pass away, but the likes of them continue to remain in the hearts.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha,; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 504

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العالِمُ حَيٌّ وإن كانَ مَيِّتاً ، الجاهِلُ مَيِّتٌ وإن كانَ حَيّاً.

The scholar is alive even when he is dead, whereas the ignorant man is dead even though he may be alive.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1124-1125; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 504

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ العُلَماءَ وَرَثَةُ الأنبِياءِ .

Verily the scholars are the heirs of the prophets.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 32, no. 2; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 504

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): قَليلُ العِلمِ خَيرٌ مِن كَثيرِ العِبادَةِ .

A little knowledge is better than a lot of worship.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Mahajjat al-Baydha, v. 1, p. 22; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 504

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): نَومٌ مَعَ عِلمٍ خَيرٌ مِن صَلاةٍ عَلى جَهلٍ .

To sleep having knowledge is better than to pray in ignorance.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 104; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 504

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ فَضلَ العالِمِ عَلى العابِدِ كفَضلِ الشَّمسِ عَلى الكَواكِبِ ، وفَضلُ العابِدِ عَلى غَيرِ العابِدِ كفَضلِ القَمَرِ عَلى الكَواكِبِ.

Verily the knowledgeable man is superior to the [mere] worshipper as the sun is to the stars, and the worshipper is superior to the one who does not worship as the superiority of the moon to the stars.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 19, no. 49; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 505

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): فَضلُ العالِمِ عَلى العابِدِ بِسَبعينَ دَرَجَةً ، بَينَ كُلِّ دَرَجَتَينِ حُضْرُ الفَرَسِ سَبعينَ عاماً ؛ وذلكَ أنَّ الشَّيطانَ يَضَعُ البِدعَةَ لِلنّاسِ فيُبصِرُها العالِمُ فيَنهى عَنها ، والعابِدُ مُقبِلٌ عَلى عِبادَتِهِ لا يَتَوَجَّهُ لَها ولا يَعرِفُها

The knowledgeable man is superior to the [mere] worshipper by seventy degrees, the distance between two degrees spanning the gallop of a horse for seventy years; and this is because Satan plants an innovation amongst people which the knowledgeable man notices and prohibits, whilst the worshipper attends to his worship neither taking any notice of it nor recognising it.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Rawdhat al-Wa`aizin, no. 17; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 505

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): تَذاكُرُ العِلمِ ساعَةً خَيرٌ مِن قِيامِ لَيلَةٍ .

Revising knowledge for an hour is better than staying up the whole night in worship.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
al-Ikhtisas, p. 245; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 505

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عالِمٌ يُنتَفِعُ بِعِلمِه ، أفضَلُ مِن سَبعينَ ألفِ عابِدٍ.

The knowledgeable man who is beneficial [to others] as a result of his knowledge is better than seventy thousand worshippers.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
al-Da`awat, p. 62, no. 153; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 506

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): النَّظَرُ في وَجهِ العالِمِ حُبّاً لَهُ عِبادَةٌ .

Looking at the face of a scholar out of love for him is an act of worship.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nawadir al-R`awandi, p. 11; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 506

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عَن‏قَولِ النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): النَّظَرُ في وُجوهِ العُلَماءِ عِبادَةٌ ـ: هُوَ العالِمُ الّذي إذا نَظَرتَ إلَيهِ ذَكَّرَكَ الآخِرَةَ ، ومَن كانَ خِلافَ ذلكَ فَالنَّظَرُ إلَيهِ فِتنَةٌ.

Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.) was once asked regarding the Prophet (SAWA)’ s saying, ‘Looking at the faces of scholars is an act of worship’ , to which he replied, ‘It refers to the scholar whom looking at reminds you of the Hereafter, and whoever is not thus, then looking at him is a trial.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 84; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 506

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): طَلَبُ العِلمِ فَريضَةٌ عَلى كُلِّ مُسلِمٍ ، ألا إنَّ اللّه‏َ يُحِبُّ بُغاةَ العِلمِ.

Seeking knowledge is an obligation on every Muslim. Indeed how Allah loves those who strive in their quest for knowledge.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 30, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 507

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن لَم يَصبِر عَلى ذُلِّ التَّعَلُّمِ ساعَةً بَقِيَ في ذُلِّ الجَهلِ أبَداً.

He who cannot endure the submissiveness entailed in learning for an hour will remain submissive to ignorance forever.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Aaw`ali al-La’ali, v. 1, p. 285, no. 135; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 507

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَو عَلِمَ النّاسُ ما في طَلَبِ العِلمِ لَطَلَبوهُ ولَو بِسَفكِ المُهَجِ وخَوضِ اللُّجَجِ.

If people knew [the benefits] of seeking knowledge, they would seek it in spite of having to shed blood or dive into the deepest seas.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 1, p. 97, no. 16; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 507

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إذا جاءَ المَوتُ لِطالِبِ العِلمِ وهُوَ عَلى هذهِ الحالَةِ ماتَ وهُوَ شَهيدٌ .

When death comes to the seeker of knowledge whilst he is in that state [of seeking knowledge], he dies as a martyr.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 1, p. 97, no. 16; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 508

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن طَلَبَ العِلمَ فهُوَ كالصّائمِ نَهارَهُ ، القائمِ لَيلَهُ ، وإنَّ باباً مِنَ العِلمِ يَتَعَلَّمُهُ الرَّجُلُ خَيرٌ لَهُ مِن أن يَكونَ أبو قُبَيسٍ ذَهَباً فأنفَقَهُ في سَبيلِ اللّه‏ِ .

He who seeks knowledge is as one who spends his day fasting and his night praying. Verily a chapter of knowledge that a man learns is better for him than for him to have as much gold as a mountain and give it all away in the way of Allah.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 100; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 508

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن سَلَكَ طَريقاً يَطلُبُ فيهِ عِلماً، سَلَكَ اللّه‏ُ بهِ طَريقاً إلَى الجَنَّةِ.

He who traverses a path in order to gain knowledge thereupon, Allah makes him traverse the path to Paradise.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 58, no. 9; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 509

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ طالِبَ العِلمِ لَيَستَغفِرُ لَهُ كُلُّ شَيءٍ ؛ حَتّى حِيتانُ البَحرِ ، وهَوامُّ الأرضِ ، وسِباعُ البَرِّ وأنعامُهُ.

Verily everything seeks forgiveness for the seeker of knowledge, including the fishes in the sea, the reptiles on the land, and the predators and livestock of the earth.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Mufid, p. 29, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 509

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن جاءَتهُ مَنِيَّتُهُ وهُوَ يَطلُبُ العِلمَ فبَينَهُ وبَينَ الأنبياءِ دَرَجَةٌ.

He who is overtaken by death whilst he is seeking knowledge, there remains but a difference of one level between him and the Prophets.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Majma`a al-Bayan, v. 9, p. 380; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 509

عيسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عَلِمَ ، وعَمِلَ ، وعَلَّمَ ، عُدَّ فِي المَلَكوتِ الأعظمِ عَظيماً.

He who has knowledge, acts upon what he knows and teaches it to others is regarded as great in the greatest Kingdom [of the heavens].
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 82; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 509

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أفضَلُ الصَّدَقَةِ أن يَعلَمَ المَرءُ عِلماً ثُمَّ يُعَلِّمَهُ أخاهُ .

The best form of charity is for a man to gain knowledge and then teach it to his fellow brother.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 105; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 510

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أيُّما رَجُلٍ آتاهُ اللّه‏ُ عِلما فكَتَمَهُ وهُوَ يَعلَمُهُ ، لَقِيَ اللّه‏َ عَزَّوجلَّ يَومَ القِيامَةِ مُلجَماً بِلِجامٍ مِن نارٍ.

Any man who has been granted knowledge by Allah but who suppresses it, in spite of knowing it, will meet Allah, Mighty and Exalted, on the Day of Resurrection bridled with a rein of fire.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Tusi, p. 377, no. 808; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 510

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما أخَذَ اللّه‏ُ عَلى أهلِ الجَهلِ أن يَتَعَلَّموا حَتّى أخَذَ عَلى أهلِ العِلمِ أن يُعَلِّموا.

Allah does not obligate the ignorant to learn until He has obligated the knowledgeable to teach.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 478; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 510

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كلُّ شَيءٍ يَنقُصُ عَلَى الإنفاقِ إلّا العِلمَ.

Everything decreases with giving away except knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6888; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 510

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عَلَّمَ بابَ هُدىً فلَهُ مِثلُ أجرِ مَن عَمِلَ بِهِ ، ولا يُنقَصُ اُولئكَ مِن اُجورِهِم شَيئاً.

He who teaches someone a matter of guidance receives the same reward as he who practices it, without any decrease in the latter’ s reward thereof.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 297; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 510

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ لِكُلِّ شَيءٍ زَكاةً ، وزَكاةُ العِلمِ أن يُعَلِّمَهُ أهلَهُ .

Verily upon everything is its zakat, and the zakat of knowledge is to teach it to those who are worthy of it.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 364; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 510

أوحَى اللّه‏ُ تَعالى إلى موسى: يا موسى ، تَعَلَّمِ الخَيرَ وعَلِّمْهُ النّاسَ ؛ فإنّي مُنَوِّرٌ لِمُعَلِّمي الخَيرِ ومُتَعَلِّميهِ قُبورَهُم ؛ حَتّى لا يَستَوحِشوا بِمَكانِهِم.

It is narrated in Tanbih al-Khawatir Allah, most High, revealed to Prophet Moses (AS) saying, O Moses, learn good and teach it to people, for verily I enlighten the graves of the teachers and the learners of good, so that they never feel afraid in their resting place.
Prophet Musa (a.s.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 212; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 511

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ألا اُخبِرُكُم عَنِ الأجوَدِ الأجوَدِ ؟ اللّه‏ُ الأجوَدُ الأجوَدُ ، وأنا أجوَدُ وُلدِ آدَمَ ، وأجوَدُكُم مِن بَعدي رَجُلٌ عُلِّمَ عِلما فنَشَرَ عِلمَهُ ، يُبعَثُ يَومَ القِيامَةِ اُمَّةً وَحدَهُ ، ورَجُلٌ جادَ بِنَفسِهِ للّه‏ِِ عَزَّوجلَّ حَتّى يُقتَلَ .

Shall I inform you who the absolutely most generous one is Allah is the Absolutely Most Generous One, and I am the most generous of Adam’ s offspring, and the most generous from amongst you all after me is the man who has been taught knowledge and subsequently spreads his knowledge to others. He will be raised on the Day of Resurrection as a community in himself, and after him is the man who is generous in giving up his life for Allah, Mighty and Exalted, and is killed for Him.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Targhib wa al-Tarhib, v. 1, p. 119, no. 5; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 511

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مُعَلِّمُ الخَيرِ يَستَغفِرُ لَهُ دَوابُّ الأرضِ ، وحِيتانُ البُحورِ ، وكُلُّ صَغيرَةٍ وكَبيرَةٍ في أرضِ اللّه‏ِ وسَمائهِ.

For the teacher of good, all the animals on the land and the fish in the sea seek forgiveness on his behalf, as do all creatures great and small in Allah’ s earth and sky.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Sawab al-A`amal, p. 159, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 511

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن طَلَبَ العِلمَ للّه‏ِِ لَم يُصِبْ مِنهُ باباً إلّا ازدادَ بِهِ في نَفسِهِ ذُلاًّ ، وفِي النّاسِ تَواضُعاً، وللّه‏ِِ خَوفاً ، وفِي الدِّينِ اجتِهاداً، وذلكَ الّذي يَنتَفِعُ بِالعِلمِ فَليَتَعَلَّمْهُ، ومَن طَلَبَ العِلمَ لِلدّنيا والمَنزِلَةِ عِندَ النّاسِ والحَظوَةِ عِندَ السُّلطانِ لَم يُصِبْ مِنهُ باباً إلّا ازدادَ في نَفسِهِ عَظَمَةً ، وعَلى النّاسِ استِطالَةً ، وبِاللّه‏ِ اغتِراراً، ومِنَ الدِّينِ جَفاءً ، فذلكَ الّذي لا يَنتَفِعُ بِالعِلمِ ، فَلْيَكُفَّ وَليُمسِكْ عَنِ الحُجَّةِ عَلى نَفسِهِ ، والنَّدامَةِ والخِزيِ يَومَ القِيامَةِ.

He who seeks knowledge for Allah, no sooner does he learn even a chapter of it than it increases him in humility within himself, in humbleness in front of people, it increases his fear of Allah and his striving in religion, and that is the one who benefits from the knowledge that he gains. And he who seeks knowledge for this world and for status amongst people and for a favoured position with the ruler, no sooner does he learn even a chapter of it than it only increases his arrogance within himself, his presumptuousness with people, his self-delusion about Allah and his estrangement from religion. That is the one who does not benefit from his knowledge, and must subsequently refrain from it and stop furnishing proof for the case against himself in order not to feel regret and shame on the Day of Resurrection.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Rawdhat al-Wa`aizin, p. 16; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 512

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَنِ ابتَغى العِلمَ لِيَخدَعَ بِهِ النّاسَ لَم يَجِدْ رِيحَ الجَنَّةِ.

He who desires knowledge in order that he may beguile people will never even smell the fragrance of Paradise.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Makarim al- Akhlaq, v. 2, p. 364, no. 2661; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 512

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): خُذوا مِنَ العِلمِ ما بَدا لَكُم ، وإيّاكُم أن تَطلُبوهُ لِخِصالٍ أربَعٍ: لِتُباهوا بِهِ العُلَماءَ ، أو تُماروا بِهِ السُّفَهاءَ ، أو تُراؤوا بِهِ فِي المَجالِسِ ، أوتَصرِفوا وُجوهَ النّاسِ إلَيكُم لِلتَّرَؤّسِ.

Take of knowledge whatever seems good to you, but beware of seeking knowledge for four reasons in order that you may contend with the scholars, or in order to wrangle with foolish people, or that you may show off with it in gatherings, or in order that people may look up to you to lead them.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Kitab al-Irshad, v. 1, p. 230; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 512

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن تَعَلَّمَ للّه‏ِِ وعَمِلَ للّه‏ِِ وعَلَّمَ للّه‏ِِ دُعِيَ في مَلَكوتِ السَّماواتِ عَظيماً ، فقيلَ: تَعَلَّمَ للّه‏ِِ ، وعَمِلَ للّه‏ِِ ، وعَلَّمَ للهِ!

He who gains knowledge for the sake of Allah, acts upon it for the sake of Allah and teaches it for the sake of Allah is called great in the kingdom of the heavens, and it is exclaimed about him ‘Indeed he gains knowledge for Allah, acts for Allah and teaches for Allah!
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Amali al-Tusi, p. 167, no. 280; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 513

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): العِلمُ دِينٌ ، الصَّلاةُ دِينٌ ، فَانظُروا عَمَّن تَأخُذونَ هذا العِلمَ .

Knowledge is a part of religion [just as] prayer is a part of religion, so be careful who you take this knowledge from.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 513

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): خُذِ الحِكمَةَ مِمَّن أتاكَ بِها ، وَانظُرْ إلى ما قالَ ، ولا تَنظُرْ إلى مَن قالَ.

Take wisdom from whoever brings it to you, and look at that which is being said and do not look at who is saying it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5048; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 513

الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا عِلمَ إلّا مِن عالِمٍ رَبّانِيٍّ ، ومَعرِفَةُ العالِمِ بِالعَقلِ .

Knowledge can only be gained from a divine scholar, and recognition of that scholar is through the intellect.
Imām Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim (a.s.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 11, p. 258, no. 12926; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 513

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لِينُوا لِمَن تُعلِّمونَ ، ولِمَن تَتَعَلَّمونَ مِنهُ.

Be gentle towards those whom you teach as well to those whom you learn from.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 193; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 514

الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أمّا حَقُّ رَعِيَّتِكَ بِالعِلمِ: فأن تَعلَمَ أنَّ اللّه‏َ عَزَّوجلَّ إنَّما جَعَلَكَ قَيِّماً لَهُم فيما آتاكَ مِنَ العِلمِ ، وفَتَحَ لَكَ مِن خَزائنِهِ ، فإذا أحسَنتَ في تَعليمِ النّاسِ ولَم تَخرُقْ بِهِم ولَم تَضجَرْ عَلَيهِم زادَكَ اللّه‏ُ مِن فَضلِهِ ، وإن أنتَ مَنَعتَ النّاسَ عِلمَكَ أو خَرَقتَ بِهِم عِندَ طَلَبِهِمِ العِلمَ كانَ حَقّا عَلَى اللّه‏ِ عَزَّوجلَّ أن يَسلُبَكَ العِلمَ وبَهاءَهُ ، ويُسقِطَ مِنَ القُلوبِ مَحَلَّكَ.

The right of your subjects through the knowledge you possess is to know that Allah has made you a custodian over them on account of the knowledge He has bestowed on you and the storehouses [of wisdom] which He has opened up for you. If you teach people well, and do not mistreat them, nor treat them harshly, then Allah will increase His grace upon you. But if you withhold your knowledge from people or treat them harshly when they seek knowledge from you, then it will be Allah’ s right to deprive you of knowledge and its magnificence, and to make you fall from your place in the people’ s hearts
Imām `Alī ibn Husayn (a.s.)
Aaw`ali al-La’ali, v. 4, p. 74, no. 54; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 514

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولهِ تعالى: «وَلا تُصَعِّرْ خَدَّكَ لِلنّاسِ» ـ: لِيَكُنِ النّاسُ عِندَكَ فِي العِلمِ سَواءً .

Do not turn your cheek disdainfully from the people” 302, said, ‘That people should be equal in your eyes when it comes to [sharing] knowledge.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 185; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 514

الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): حَقُّ سائسِكَ بِالعِلمِ: التَّعظيمُ لَهُ ، والتَّوقيرُ لِمَجلِسِهِ ، وحُسنُ الاستِماعِ إلَيهِ ، والإقبالُ عَلَيهِ ، وأن لا تَرفَعَ عَلَيهِ صَوتَكَ، وأن لا تُجيبَ أحَداً يَسألُهُ عَن شَيءٍ حَتّى يَكونَ هُوَ الّذي يُجيبُ ، ولا تُحَدِّثَ في مَجلسِهِ أحَداً ، ولا تَغتابَ عِندَهُ أحَداً، وأن تَدفَعَ عَنهُ إذا ذُكِرَ عِندَكَ بِسُوءٍ، وأن تَستُرَ عُيوبَهُ ، وتُظهِرَ مَناقِبَهُ ، ولا تُجالِسَ لَهُ عَدُوّاً، ولا تُعادِيَ لَهُ وَلِيّاً، فإذا فَعَلتَ ذلكَ شَهِدَ لَكَ مَلائكَةُ اللّه‏ِ بِأنَّكَ قَصَدتَهُ وتَعَلَّمتَ عِلْمَهُ للّه‏ِِ جَلَّ اسمُهُ لا لِلنّاسِ

The right of the one who trains you in knowledge is to magnify him, to frequent his sessions, to listen to him attentively, and to attend to him with devotion. You should not raise your voice to him, nor answer a question that someone has asked him about something, so that he may be the one to answer. You should not address anyone else in his session, nor backbite anyone in his presence. You must defend him if anyone ever speaks ill of him in your presence, conceal his faults and publicise his virtues. You should not sit in the company of his enemy, nor be hostile towards his friend. If you fulfil this right, Allah’ s angels bear witness that you frequented him and learned from his knowledge for the sake of Allah, exalted be His Name, and not for the sake of people.
Imām `Alī ibn Husayn (a.s.)
al-Khisal, p. 567, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 516

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا رَأيتَ عالِما فَكُن لَهُ خادِماً.

When you see a scholar, be a servant to him.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4044; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 516

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن وَقَّرَ عالِماً فقَد وَقَّرَ رَبَّهُ .

He who shows reverence to a scholar has revered his Lord.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8704; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 516

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لا يَتِمُّ عَقلُ المَرءِ حَتّى يَتِمَّ فيهِ عَشرُ خِلالٍ ... لا يَسأمُ مِن طَلَبِ العِلمِ طُولَ عُمرِهِ.

Man’ s intellect is incomplete until ten qualities come together in him … that he must never tire of seeking knowledge his whole life.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 112; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 517

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عَلى المُتَعَلِّمِ أن يُدئبَ نَفسَهُ في طَلَبِ العِلمِ ، ولا يَمَلَّ مِن تَعَلُّمِهِ ، ولا يَستَكثِرَ ما عَلِمَ.

The student must discipline himself in his quest for knowledge, and not become bored of learning, nor overestimate what he already knows.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6197; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 517

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يُحرِزُ العِلمَ إلّا مَن يُطيلُ دَرسَهُ.

Only he who lengthens his study attains knowledge
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 758; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 517

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أكثَرَ الفِكرَ فيما تَعَلَّمَ أتقَنَ عِلمَهُ ، وفَهِمَ ما لَم يَكُن يَفهَمُ.

He who gives a great deal of thought to what he learns masters his knowledge, and comes to understand that which he could not understand before.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8917; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 517

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن قالَ: أنا عالِمٌ فَهُوَ جاهِلٌ .

Whoever says ‘I am a knowledgeable man’ is indeed ignorant.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Munyat al-Murid, no. 137; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 518

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العُلَماءُ حُكّامٌ عَلَى النّاسِ .

The scholars are the governors over people.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 507; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 518

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العالِمُ مَن لا يَشبَعُ مِنَ العِلمِ ، ولا يَتَشبَّعُ بِهِ .

The scholar is the one who is never satiated with knowledge, and never becomes full of it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1740; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 518

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العالِمُ الّذي لايَمَلُّ مِن تَعَلُّمِ العِلمِ .

The scholar is the one who never gets bored of gaining knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1303; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 518

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عُلَماءُ شيعَتِنا مُرابِطونَ فِي الثَّغرِ الّذي يَلي إبليسَ وعَفاريتَهُ ، يَمنَعونَهُم عَنِ الخُروجِ عَلى ضُعَفاءِ شيعَتِنا ، وعَن أن يَتَسَلَّطَ عَلَيهِم إبليسُ وشيعَتُهُ.

The scholars from among our shi`aa are stationed at the opening next to where Satan and his demons are, preventing them from coming out to the weak shi`aa and from letting Satan and his followers gain mastery over them.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Ihtijaj, v. 1, p. 13, no. 7; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 518

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمَرَةُ العِلمِ العَمَلُ بِهِ.

The fruit of knowledge is action in accordance with it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4624; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 518

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمَرَةُ العِلمِ العِبادَةُ.

The fruit of knowledge is worship.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4600; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 519

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمَرَةُ العِلمِ إخلاصُ العَمَلِ.

The fruit of knowledge is sincerity of action.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4642; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 519

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمَرَةُ العِلمِ إخلاصُ العَمَلِ.

The fruit of knowledge is sincerity of action.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4642; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 519

مصباح الشريعة ـ فيما نسبه إلى الإمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ: الخَشيَةُ مِيراثُ العِلمِ ، والعِلمُ شُعاعُ المَعرِفَةِ وقَلبُ الإيمانِ ، ومَن حُرِمَ الخَشيَةَ لا يَكونُ عالِماً وإن شَقَّ الشَّعرَ بِمُتَشابِهاتِ العِلمِ ، قالَ اللّه‏ُ تَعالى: «إنَّما يَخْشَى اللّه‏َ مِن عِبادِهِ العُلَماءُ»

It is narrated in Misbah al-Shari`aa (The Lantern of the Path) that Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Fear [of Allah] is the legacy of knowledge, and knowledge is the ray of inner understanding and the heart of faith. So he who is devoid of fear cannot be knowledgeable, even if he is able to split hairs with obscure sciences.’ Allah, most High, has said, “Only those of Allah’ s servants having knowledge fear Him.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Misbah al-Shari`a, p. 365; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 519

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن عَمِلَ عَلى غَيرِ عِلمٍ كانَ ما يُفسِدُ أكثَرَ مِمّا يُصلِحُ .

He who acts contrary to what he knows, his immoral acts supercede his righteous acts.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Mahasin, v. 1, p. 314, no. 621; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 519

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن نَصَبَ نَفسَهُ لِلنّاسِ إماماً فعَلَيهِ أن يَبدَأ بِتَعليمِ نَفسِهِ قَبلَ تَعليمِ غَيرِهِ ، وَليَكُن تَأديبُهُ بِسيرَتِهِ قَبلَ تَأديبِهِ بِلِسانِهِ ، ومُعَلِّمُ نَفسِهِ ومُؤَدِّبُها أحَقُّ بِالإجلالِ مِن مُعَلِّمِ النّاسِ ومُؤَدِّبِهِم .

He who appoints himself a leader of people must begin by teaching himself before teaching others. And his discipline of them must be through his own example rather than through his words. The one who teaches and disciplines himself is more worthy of esteem than the one who teaches and disciplines people.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 56, no. 33; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 520

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عَلَى العالِمِ أن يَعمَلَ بِما عَلِمَ ، ثُمَّ يَطلُبَ تَعَلُّمَ ما لَم يَعلَمْ.

It is incumbent upon the knowledgeable man to act upon what he knows, and then to seek to learn that which he does not know.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6196; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 520

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ مَقرونٌ بِالعَمَلِ ، فمَن عَلِمَ عَمِلَ، والعِلمُ يَهتِفُ بِالعَمَلِ، فإن أجابَهُ وإلّا ارتَحَلَ عَنهُ.

Knowledge is linked to action, so he who knows acts. And knowledge calls for action, so if one answers [the call] it remains, and if not it departs from him.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 366; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 520

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عَلَى العالِمِ إذا عَلَّمَ أن لا يَعنُفَ ، وإذا عُلِّمَ أن لا يَأنَفَ.

The knowledgeable man must not be harsh when he teaches, and must not be disdainful when he learns.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 85; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 520

الإمامُ الصادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العامِلُ عَلى غَيرِ بَصيرَةٍ كَالسّائرِ عَلى غَيرِ الطَّريقِ ، ولا يَزيدُهُ سُرعَةُ السَّيرِ مِنَ الطَّريقِ إلّا بُعداً.

The man who acts without any insight is as the one who travels off the path, whom walking faster only avails to take him further away from the path.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 343, no. 18; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 520

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): تَناصَحوا فِي العِلمِ ؛ فإنَّ خِيانَةَ أحَدِكُم في عِلمِهِ أشَدُّ مِن خِيانَتِهِ في مالِهِ ، وإنَّ اللّه‏َ سائلُكُم يَومَ القِيامَةِ.

Advise each other with knowledge, for verily your betrayal of someone in their knowledge is worse than your betraying him in their wealth, and very Allah will question you on the Day of Resurrection.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Tusi, p. 126, no. 198; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 521

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يَطَّلِعُ قَومٌ مِن أهلِ الجَنَّةِ عَلى قَومٍ مِن أهلِ النّارِ فيَقولونَ: ما أدخَلَكُمُ النَّارَ وقَد دَخَلنا الجَنَّةَ لِفَضلِ تَأديبِكُم وتَعليمِكُم؟! فيَقولونَ: إنّا كُنّا نَأمُرُ بِالخَيرِ ولا نَفعَلُهُ.

A group from among the dwellers of Paradise will look down upon a group from among the inmates of Hell, saying, ‘What brought you into the Fire when we ourselves entered Paradise by virtue of your education and instruction!’ upon which they will reply, ‘Verily we used to enjoin good but did not act upon it.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Makarim al- Akhlaq, v. 2, p. 364, no. 2661; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 521

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّما زَهَّد النّاسَ في طَلَبِ العِلمِ كَثرَةُ ما يَرَونَ مِن قِلَّةِ مَن عَمِلَ بِما عَلِمَ .

Verily people abstain from gaining knowledge because of the numerous instances they witness of the people’ s lack of action in accordance with what they know.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3895; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 521

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الدّنيا كُلُّها جَهلٌ إلّا مَواضِعَ العِلمِ ، وَالعِلمُ كُلُّه حُجَّةٌ إلّا ما عُمِلَ بِهِ .

The whole world is ignorance apart from the areas of knowledge, and all of knowledge will be held punishable apart from that which is acted upon.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 29, no. 9; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 521

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِلمُ بِلا عَمَلٍ وَبالٌ ، العَمَلُ بِلا عِلمٍ ضَلالٌ .

Knowledge without action is a curse, and action without knowledge is straying in error.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1587; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 522

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قَصَمَ ظَهري عالِمٌ مُتَهَتِّكٌ، وجاهِلٌ مُتَنَسِّكٌ ، فالجاهِلُ يَغُشُّ النّاسَ بِتَنَسُّكِهِ ، والعالِمُ يُنَفِّرُهُم بِتَهَتُّكِهِ

‘[To see] An impudent yet knowledgeable man and a religious but ignorant man is a mortal blow to me, for the ignorant man dupes people with his religiosity whilst the knowledgeable man drives them away through his impudence.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 181; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 522

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اعقِلوا الخَبَرَ إذا سَمِعتُموهُ عَقلَ رِعايَةٍ لا عَقلَ رِوايَةٍ ؛ فإنَّ رُواةَ العِلمِ كَثيرٌ ورُعاتَهُ قَليلٌ .

When you hear a report, scrutinize it with the reasoning of careful attention and not the reasoning of the report itself, for verily the reporters of knowledge are many but those who attend to it are few.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 98; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 522

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ أهلَ النّارِ لَيَتَأذَّونَ مِن ريحِ العالِمِ التّارِكِ لِعِلمِهِ.

Verily the inmates of the Fire will be tormented by the stench of the knowledgeable man who had abandoned his knowledge.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 34, no. 30; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 522

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَستَوي عِندَ اللّه‏ِ في العُقوبَةِ الّذينَ يَعلَمونَ والّذينَ لا يَعلَمونَ ، نَفَعَنا اللّه‏ُ وإيّاكُم بِما عَلِمنا ، وجَعَلَهُ لِوَجهِهِ خالِصاً، إنَّهُ سَميعٌ مُجيبٌ.

Those who know and those who do not know are not equal in the sight of Allah with regards to their chastisement. Allah has caused us and you to benefit from the knowledge we have and has made it to be reserved solely for His pleasure; verily He is all-hearing, responsive.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Kitab al-Irshad, v. 1, p. 230; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 522

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): زَلَّةُ العالِمِ كانكِسارِ السَّفينَةِ تَغرَقُ، وتُغرِقُ .

A knowledgeable man’s blunder is as the destruction of a boat which itself sinks and drowns [those aboard it].
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 58, no. 39; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 523

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّهُ يُغفَرُ لِلجاهِلِ سَبعونَ ذَنباً قَبلَ أن يُغفَرَ لِلعالِمِ ذَنبٌ واحِـدٌ .

Verily the ignorant man is forgiven seventy sins before the knowledgeable man is forgiven a single one.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tafsir al-Qummi, v. 2, p. 146; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 523

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أشَدُّ النّاسِ عَذاباً عالِمٌ لا يُنتَفَعُ مِن عِلمِهِ بِشَيءٍ .

The one amongst people to be the most severely punished will be the knowledgeable man who has not benefited from his knowledge one bit.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 37, no. 53; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 523

أوحى اللّه‏ُ تبارك وتعالى إلى داوُودَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ أهوَنَ ما أنا صانِعٌ بِعالِمٍ غَيرِ عامِلٍ بِعِلمِه أشَدُّ مِن سَبعينَ عُقوبَةً ؛ أن اُخرِجَ مِن قَلبهِ حَلاوَةَ ذِكري .

It is narrated in Misbah al-Shari`aa (The Lantern of the Path) Allah revealed to Prophet David (AS) saying, ‘Verily the least of what I will do to a knowledgeable man who does not act upon his knowledge, which is worse than seventy internal punishments, is that I remove the sweetness of My remembrance from his heart.’
Allāh (s.w.t.)
Misbah al-Shari`a, p. 345; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 523

عيسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كَيفَ يَكونُ مِن أهلِ العِلمِ مَن دُنياهُ عِندَهُ آثَرُ مِن آخِرَتِهِ وهُوَ مُقبِلٌ عَلى دُنياهُ ، وما يَضُرُّهُ أحَبُّ إلَيهِ مِمّا يَنفَعُهُ؟!

How can one whose worldly life is dearer to him than his Hereafter be considered among the people of knowledge, whilst he pursues his worldly life and considers that which harms him more beloved than that which benefits him!
Prophet Isa (a.s.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 141; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 523

عيسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الدِّينارُ داءُ الدِّينِ ، والعالِمُ طَبيبُ الدِّينِ ، فإذا رَأيتُمُ الطَّبيبَ يَجُرُّ الدّاءَ إلى نَفسِهِ فَاتَّهِموهُ، وَاعلَموا أ نَّهُ غَيرُ ناصِحٍ لِغَيرِهِ.

The dinar [i.e. wealth] is religion’s affliction, and the knowledgeable man is religion’s doctor. So when you see the doctor drawing the affliction upon himself, be suspicious of him and know that he does not advise others well.
Prophet Isa (a.s.)
al-Khisal, p. 113, no. 91; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 524

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ألا إنَّ شَرَّ الشّرِّ شِرارُ العُلَماءِ ، وإنَّ خَيرَ الخَيرِ خِيارُ العُلَماءِ.

Verily the worst of all evil are the evil scholars, and verily the best of all good are the good scholars.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Munyat al-Murid, p. 137; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 524

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَنِ ازدادَ عِلما ولَم يَزدَدْ هُدىً ، لَم يَزدَدْ مِنَ اللّه‏ِ إلّا بُعدا.

He who does not increase in guidance in spite of an increase in his knowledge only gets further away from Allah.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 21; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 524

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَلعونٌ مَلعونٌ عالِمٌ يَؤمُّ سُلطاناً جائراً ، مُعيناً لَهُ عَلى جَورِهِ.

Cursed, cursed indeed is the knowledgeable man who frequents an unjust ruler, aiding him in his injustice.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 381, no. 45; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 524

الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في صِفَةِ عُلَماءِ السُّوءِ ـ: وهُم أضَرُّ عَلى ضُعَفاءِ شيعَتِنا مِن جَيشِ يَزيدَ عَلى الحُسَينِ بنِ عَلِيٍّ ’ وأصحابِهِ ، فإنَّهُم يَسلُبونَهُمُ الأرواحَ والأموالَ ، وهؤلاءِ عُلَماءُ السُّوءِ ... يُدخِلونَ الشَّكَّ والشُّبهَةَ عَلى ضُعَفاءِ شيعَتِنا فيُضِلّونَهُم

They (Evil Scholars) cause more harm to the weak ones from among our shi`aa than the army of Yazid did to Husayn b. Ali (AS) and his companions, for they snatched away their lives and their property, whereas these evil scholars … enter doubt and obscurity into the weak ones from among our shi`aa and lead them astray.
Imām Hasan al-‘Askarī (a.s.)
al-Ihtijaj, v. 2, p. 512, no. 337; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 524

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّما العِلمُ ثَلاثَةٌ: آيَةٌ مُحكَمَةٌ أو فَريضَةٌ عادِلَةٌ، أو سُنَّةٌ قائمَةٌ ، وما خَلاهُنَّ فهُوَ فَضلٌ.

Verily knowledge is but three things a decisive verse [of the Qur’ an], an upright obligatory act, or an established recommended act, and anything else apart from these is a virtue.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 32, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 525

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَيسَ العِلمُ بِالتَّعَلُّمِ ، إنَّما هُوَ نورٌ يَقَعُ في قَلبِ مَن يُريدُ اللّه‏ُ تَبارَكَ وتَعالى أن يَهدِيَهُ ، فإن أرَدتَ العِلمَ فَاطلُب أوَّلاً في نَفسِكَ حَقيقَةَ العُبودِيَّةِ ، وَاطلُبِ العِلمَ بِاستِعمالِهِ ، وَاستَفهِمِ اللّه‏َ يُفهِمْكَ.

Knowledge is not acquired through learning. Rather it is a light that illuminates in the heart of one who wants Allah, Blessed and most High, to guide him. So if you want knowledge, first seek out within yourself true servitude [to Allah], and seek knowledge according to its use, and ask Allah to make you understand, and He will make you understand.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 1, p. 225, no. 17; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 525

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): جاءَ رَجُلٌ إلى رَسولِ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) فقالَ: يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ ، ما العِلمُ ؟ قالَ: الإنصاتُ ، قالَ: ثُمَّ مَه ؟ قالَ: الاستِماعُ ، قالَ: ثُمَّ مَه ؟ قالَ: الحِفظُ ، قالَ: ثُمَّ مَه ؟ قالَ: العَمَلُ بِهِ ، قالَ: ثُمَّ مَه يارَسولَ اللّه‏ِ ؟ قالَ: نَشرُهُ .

Imam al-Sadiq (AS) narrated, ‘A man once came to the Prophet (SAWA) asking, ‘O Prophet of Allah, what is knowledge’ to which he replied, ‘Paying attention.’ The man asked, ‘Then what’ He replied, ‘Listening.’ He asked, ‘Then what’ The Prophet replied, ‘Learning.’ The man asked, ‘Then what’ He replied, ‘Acting upon it.’ He asked, ‘Then what O Prophet of Allah’ , to which he replied, ‘Spreading it.’
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 48, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 525

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): وَاعلَم أ نَّهُ لا خَيرَ في عِلمٍ لا يَنفَعُ ، ولا يُنتَفَعُ بِعِلمٍ لا يَحُقُّ تَعَلُّمُهُ.

And know that there is no good in knowledge that is of no use, and that one cannot benefit from knowledge that is not worthy of being learnt.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 31; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 526

الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): دَخَلَ رَسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) المَسجِدَ فإذا جَماعَةٌ قَد أطافوا بِرَجُلٍ ، فقالَ: ما هذا ؟ فقيلَ: عَلاّمَةٌ ، قالَ: وما العَلاّمَةُ ؟ قالوا: أعلَمُ النّاسِ بِأنسابِ العَرَبِ ووَقائعِها ، وأيّامِ الجاهِلِيَّةِ ، وبِالأشعارِ والعَرَبِيَّةِ ، فقالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ذاكَ عِلمٌ لا يَضُرُّ مَن جَهِلَهُ ، ولا يَنفَعُ مَن عَلِمَهُ.

Imam al-Kazim (AS) narrated, ‘The Prophet (SAWA) once entered the mosque to find a large group of people gathered around a man, so he asked, ‘Who is this’ to which they replied, ‘A most learned scholar (‘allama).’ He then asked, ‘And what is a most learned scholar’ to which they replied, ‘[He is] the most knowledgeable of all people about Arab ancestry and events, and pre-Islamic history, and Arab poetry.’ So the Prophet said, ‘That is knowledge which neither harms one who remains ignorant of it nor avails one who knows it.’
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 220, no. 13; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 526

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): العِلمُ عِلمانِ: عِلمُ الأديانِ، وعِلمُ الأبدانِ .

There are two types of knowledge the knowledge of ideologies, and the knowledge of physical bodies.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 1, p. 220, no. 52; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 526

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): العِلمُ أكثَرُ مِن أن يُحصى ، فَخُذْ مِن كُلِّ شَيءٍ أحسَنَهُ .

Knowledge is too great to be encompassed, so take the best from each thing.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Kanz al-Fawa’ id li al-Karajiki, v. 2, p. 31; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 526

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): خَيرُ العِلمِ ما نَفَعَ .

The best type of knowledge is that which benefits.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 394, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 527

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العُلومُ أربَعَةٌ: الفِقهُ لِلأديانِ ، والطِّبُّ لِلأبدانِ ، والنَّحوُ لِلّسانِ ، والنُّجومُ لِمَعرِفَةِ الأزمانِ .

There are four categories of sciences juristic science for religions, medicine for physical bodies, grammar for language, and astronomy for knowledge of the ages.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 1, p. 218, no. 42; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 527

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): خَيرُ العُلومِ ما أصلَحَكَ .

The best type of knowledge is that which improves you.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4962; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 527

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اِعلَمْ أ نَّهُ لا عِلمَ كطَلَبِ السَّلامَةِ ، ولا سَلامَةَ كسَلامَةِ القَلبِ .

Know that there is no knowledge like the quest for integrity, and there is no integrity better than the integrity of the heart [i.e. the soul].
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 286; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 527

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَيتَ السِّياطَ عَلى رُؤوسِ أصحابي حَتّى يَتَفَقَّهوا فِي الحَلالِ والحَرامِ.

If only there were whips over my companions’ heads that they may gain an understanding of the difference between the lawful and the unlawful.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Mahasin, v. 1, p. 358, no. 765; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 527

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عَمِلَ بِما يَعلَمُ عَلَّمَهُ اللّه‏ُ ما لا يَعلَمُ .

He who acts upon what he knows is taught by Allah that which he does not know.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
A`alam al-Din, p. 301; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 528

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أعلَمُ النّاسِ مَن جَمَعَ عِلمَ النّاسِ إلى عِلمِهِ .

The most knowledgeable of people is he who adds other people’ s knowledge to his own.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 27, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 528

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أعلَمُ النّاسِ المُستَهتَرُ بِالعِلمِ.

The most knowledgeable of people is he who is infatuated with knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3079; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 528

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَوِ اقتَبَستُمُ العِلمَ مِن مَعدِنِهِ ، وشَرِبتُمُ الماءَ بِعُذوبَتِهِ ، وَادَّخَرتُمُ الخَيرَ مِن مَوضِعِهِ ، وأخَذتُمُ الطَّريقَ مِن واضِحِهِ ، وسَلَكتُم مِنَ الحَقِّ نَهجَهُ ، لَنَهَجَت بِكُمُ السُّبُلُ ، وبَدَت لَكُمُ الأعلامُ.

If you were to acquire knowledge from its source, and drink water at its freshest, and amass good at its origin, and adopt a path at its clearest point, and adopt the path of truth at its most proper, the paths would open themselves to you indeed and the signs would become manifest to you.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 8, p. 32, no. 5; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 529

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لسَلَمَةَ بنِ كُهَيلٍ والحَكَمِ ابنِ عُتَيبَةَ ـ: شَرِّقا وغَرِّبا لَن تَجِدا عِلماً صَحيحا إلّا شَيئاً يَخرُجُ مِن عِندِنا أهلَ البَيتِ.

Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.) said to Salama b. Kuhayl and al-Hakam b. `Autayba, ‘Go to the east and go to the west but you will never find true knowledge except for what comes from us, the household of the Prophet.’
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 92, no. 20; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 529