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الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّقِيُّ مَنِ انخَدَعَ لِهَواهُ وغُرُورِهِ.

The wretched one is he who lets himself be deceived by his whims and his delusion.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 86; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1017

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ الشَّقِيَّ مَن حُرِمَ نَفعَ ما اُوتِيَ مِنَ العَقلِ والتَّجرِبَةِ

Verily the wretched person is he who is deprived of drawing any benefit from his intellect and the experiences that he has been granted.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 78; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1017

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): تَوَقَّوُا المَعاصِيَ واحبِسُوا أنفُسَكُم عنها ؛ فإنَّ الشَّقِيَّ مَن أطلَقَ فيها عِنانَهُ.

Be on your guard against sins and restrain yourself from them, for verily the wretched one is he who gives himself free rein to them.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4499; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1018

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ اللّه‏َ عَزَّوجلَّ خَلَقَ السَّعادَةَ والشَّقاوَةَ قَبلَ أن يَخلُقَ خَلْقَهُ ، فَمَن عَلِمَهُ اللّه‏ُ سَعيداً لَم يُبغِضْهُ أبَداً ، وإن عَمِلَ شَرّاً أبغَضَ عَمَلَهُ ولَم يُبغِضْهُ، وإن كانَ عَلِمَهُ شَقِيّاً لَم يُحِبَّهُ أبداً، وإن عَمِلَ صالحاً أحَبَّ عَمَلَهُ وأبغَضَهُ لِما يَصِيرُ إلَيهِ .

Verily Allah, Mighty and Exalted, created prosperity and wretchedness before He even created His creation. So whoever Allah knows will be prosperous, He will never despise, and even when he commits an evil deed, He will despise the deed but not the person. And if He knows that someone will be wretched, He will never love him, and even when he performs a good deed, He will love the deed but despise the person because of what he is to become.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Tawhid, p. 357, no. 5; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1018

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ اللّه‏َ تباركَ وتعالى يَنقُلُ العَبدَ مِنَ الشَّقاءِ إلى السَّعادَةِ، ولا يَنقُلُهُ مِن السَّعادةِ إلى الشَّقاءِ .

Verily Allah, Blessed and most High, may transfer a servant from wretchedness to prosperity, but He never transfers anyone from prosperity to wretchedness.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Tawhid, p. 358, no. 6; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1018

عن محمّدَ بنِ أبي عُمَيرٍ: سَألتُ أبا الحسنِ موسى بنِ جَعفرٍ( عَن معنى قولِ رَسول اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): «الشَّقِيُّ مَن شَقِيَ في بَطنِ اُمِّهِ ، والسَّعيدُ مَن سَعِدَ في بَطنِ اُمِّهِ» ، فقالَ: الشَّقِيُّ مَن عَلِمَ اللّه‏ُ وهُو في بَطنِ اُمِّهِ أ نّهُ سَيَعمَلُ أعمالَ الأشقِياءِ ، والسَّعيدُ مَن عَلِمَ اللّه‏ُ وهُو في بَطنِ اُمِّهِ أ نّهُ سَيَعمَلُ أعمالَ السُّعَداءِ.

was once asked by Ibn Abi ‘Umayr about the Prophet (SAWA)’s saying, ‘The prosperous one is he who prospered from when he was in his mother’s womb, and the wretched one is he who was wretched from when he was in his mother’s womb’, to which he replied, ‘The wretched one is he who, from when he was in his mother’s womb, Allah knew would commit acts characteristic of wretched people, and the prosperous one is he who, from when he was in his mother’s womb, Allah knew would perform acts characteristic of prosperous people.
Imām Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim (a.s.)
al-Tawhid, p. 356, no. 3; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1019

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): سَبَبُ الشَّقاءِ حُبُّ الدُّنيا

The cause of wretchedness is love of this world.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4499; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1019

الإمامُ الحسينُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في دعاءِ يَومِ عَرَفَةَ ـ: اللّهُمّ اجعَلْني أخشاكَ كَأنّي أراكَ ، وأسعِدْني بتَقواكَ ، ولا تُشقِني بِمَعصِيَتِكَ.

O Allah, make me fear you as if I see you, let me prosper through being conscious of my duty to You, and keep me from becoming wretched as a consequence of Your disobedience.
Imām Husayn ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 98, p. 218, no. 3; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1019

عيسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أشقَى الناسِ مَن هُو مَعروفٌ عندَ الناسِ بِعِلمِهِ مَجهولٌ بِعَمَلِهِ.

The most wretched of people is he who is reputed amongst people for his knowledge but not known for his action thereof.
Prophet Isa (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 52, no. 19; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1019

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ وقد سُئلَ عن أشقَى الناسِ ـ: مَن باعَ دِينَهُ بِدُنيا غَيرِهِ .

Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.), when asked who the most wretched of all people was, replied, ‘He who sells his Hereafter for someone else’s profit in this world.’.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 322, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1020

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مِن علاماتِ الشَّقاءِ: جُمُودُ العَينِ ، وقَسوَةُ القَلبِ ، وشِدَّةُ الحِرصِ في طَلَبِ الرِّزقِ ، والإصرارُ على الذَّنبِ .

Among the symptoms of wretchedness are: a look of apathy in the eyes, hardness of the heart, intense greed in seeking out one’s livelihood, and persistence in committing sins.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
al-Khisal, p. 243, no. 96; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1020

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مِن عَلامةِ الشَّقاءِ غِشُّ الصَّديقِ.

One of the symptoms of wretchedness is swindling one’s own friend.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9297; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1020

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مِن علاماتِ الشَّقاءِ الإساءَةُ إلى الأخيارِ.

Among the symptoms of wretchedness is maltreatment of good people.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9307; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 1020