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Miscellaneous >> Eid – The Festival

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الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ قالَ في بَعضِ الأعيادِ ـ: إنَّما هُوَ عيدٌ لِمَن قَبِلَ اللّه‏ُ صِيامَهُ وشَكَرَ قِيامَهُ، وكُلُّ يَومٍ لا يُعصى اللّه‏ُ فيهِ فهُوَ عيدٌ.

Verily it is only a festival for he whose fasts Allah has accepted and whose prayers He has acknowledged, and every day in which we do not disobey Allah is a day of celebration.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Sharhe Nahj al-Balagha by Abi al-Hadid, v. 20, p. 73; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 324

عن سُوَيدِ بنِ غَفلَة: دَخَلتُ عَلَيهِ [ يَعني أميرَ المُؤمِنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) [يَومَ عيدٍ، فإذا عِندَهُ فاثورٌ عَلَيهِ خُبزُ السَّمراءِ وصَفحَةٌ فيها خَطيفَةٌ ومِلبَنَةٌ ، فقُلتُ: يا أميرَ المُؤمِنينَ، يَومُ عيدٍ وخَطيفَةٌ؟! فقالَ: إنَّما هذا عيدُ مَن غُفِرَ لَهُ.

Suwayd b. Ghafla narrated, ‘I went to visit him [i.e. Imam Ali (AS)] on one of the festivals, and he had a small table in front of him on which was wheat bread, and a plate of khatifa[khatifa a food made of flour and milk (ed.)] and milbana[milbana a food made of bran, milk and honey (ed.)], so I asked, ‘O Commander of the Faithful, it is a day of celebration and you are eating khatifa! to which he replied, ‘It is only a day of celebration for whoever has been forgiven.’
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 40, p. 326, no. 7; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 325

كتاب من لا يحضره الفقيه: اُتيَ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) بِهَدِيَّةِ النَّيروزِ، فقالَ: ما هذا ؟ قالوا: يا أميرَ المُؤمِنينَ، اليَومُ النَّيروزُ، فقالَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اِصنَعوا لَنا كُلَّ يَومٍ نَيروزاً!

Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.) when he was brought a gift for Nayruz, exclaimed, ‘What is this’ to which they replied, ‘O Commander of the Faithful, today is Nayruz.’ He replied, ‘Make everyday Nayruz for us [i.e. through your good actions].’
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 300, no. 4073; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 325

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): نَيْروزُنا كُلُّ يَومٍ.

Our Nayruz is everyday.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
al-Faqih, v. 3, p. 300, no. 4074; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 325

بحار الأنوار عن مُعلّى بن خُنيس: دخَلتُ على الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) يومَ النَّيروزِ فقال: أتَعرِفَ هذا اليَومَ؟ قُلتُ: جُعِلتُ فِداكَ، هذا يَومٌ تُعَظِّمُهُ العَجَمُ وتَتَهادى فيهِ، فقالَ أبوعَبدِاللّه‏ِ الصّادِقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): والبَيتِ العَتيقِ الّذي بِمَكَّةَ ! ما هذا إلّا لِأمرٍ قَديمٍ اُفَسِّرُهُ لَكَ حَتّى تَفهَمَهُ ... يا مُعَلّى، إنَّ يَومَ النَّيروزِ هُوَ اليَومُ الّذي أخَذَ اللّه‏ُ فيهِ مَواثيقَ العِبادِ أن يَعبُدوهُ ولا يُشرِكوا بِه شَيئاً، وأن يُؤمِنوا بِرُسُلِهِ وحُجَجِهِ، وأن يُؤمِنوا بِالأئمَّةِ ^، وهُوَ أوَّلُ يَومٍ طَلَعَت فيهِ الشَّمسُ... وما مِن يَومِ نَيروزٍ إلّا ونَحنُ نَتَوَقَّعُ فيهِ الفَرَجَ لِأَ نَّهُ مِن أيّامِنا وأيّامِ شيعَتِنا، حَفَظَتهُ العَجَمُ وضَيَّعتُموهُ أنتُم ... وهُوَ أوَّلُ يَومٍ مِن سَنَةِ الفُرسِ ....

said to Mu`aalli b. Khunays when he came to visit him for Nayruz, ‘Do you know what this day is’ to which he replied, ‘May I be your ransom, this is a day to which the Persians attach great importance and in which they give each other gifts.’ So Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘By the Ancient House in Makkah! That is only because of a much older reason which I will explain to you so that you may understand … O Mu`aalli, verily the day of Nayruz is the day when Allah took the servants’ covenants from them that they would worship Him and that they would not associate anything with Him, and that they would believe in His prophets and His divine proofs, and that they would believe in the Imams (AS). This is also the day when the sun rose for the first time … Every day of Nayruz is a day when we await joy for verily it is one of our special days and one of the days of our shi`aa. The Persians have kept its significance whereas you have lost it … This is the first day of the Persians’ new year, and they have managed to stay alive since having been only thirty thousand in number. The pouring of water on the day of Nayruz has become a practice…’
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 59, p. 92, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 326

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا كانَ يَومُ النَّيروزِ فَاغتَسِلْ وَالبَسْ أنظَفَ ثِيابِكَ، وتَطَيَّبْ بِأطيَبِ طِيبِكَ، وتَكونُ ذلكَ اليَومَ صائماً.

On the day of Nayruz, take a bath and wear your cleanest clothes, and perfume yourself with the best of fragrances, and fast on that day.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 7, p. 346, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 326

بحار الأنوار: حُكِيَ أنَّ المَنصورَ تَقَدَّمَ إلى موسَى بنِ جَعفَرٍ عليهماالسلام بِالجُلوسِ لِلتَّهنِئَةِ في يَومِ النَّيروزِ وقَبضِ ما يُحمَلُ إلَيهِ، فقالَ: إنّي قَد فَتَّشتُ الأخبارَ عَن جَدّي رَسولِ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) فلَم أجِدْ لِهذا العيدِ خَبَراً، وإنَّهُ سُنَّةُ الفُرسِ ومَحاها الإسلامُ، ومَعاذَ اللّه‏ِ أن نُحيِيَ ما مَحاها الإسلامُ، فَقالَ المَنصورُ: إنَّما نَفعَلُ هذا سِياسَةً لِلجُندِ، فسَألتُكَ بِاللّه‏ِ العَظيمِ إلّا جَلَستَ، فجَلَسَ ...

It is narrated in Bihar al-Anwar ‘It has been related that Mansur [Dawaniqi][ One of the Abbasid Caliphs (ed.)] ordered Imam Musa al-Kazim (AS) to sit with him to receive gifts and greetings for the day of Nayruz, so that he may take the gifts presented to him, so Imam replied, ‘Verily I have examined the traditions from my grandfather the Prophet (SAWA) and have not found a single tradition about this festival. Rather it is a practice of the Persians which Islam eradicated, and God forbid that we should revive what Islam has eradicated.’ So Mansur said, ‘We only celebrate it as a matter of policy for our army[It is possible that his army consisted of Persians whose favour and allegiance he wished to secure by his observance of their festival (ed.)], so I request you by Allah the Great to sit down’ , so he sat down …’
Imām Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 59, p. 100, no. 2 and v. 48, p. 108, no. 9; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 326