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الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجَهلُ أدْوَأُ الدّاءِ.

Ignorance is the worst affliction.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 820; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجَهلُ مُمِيتُ الأحْياءِ ومُخَلِّدُ الشَّقاءِ.

Ignorance is death for the living and perpetuates wretchedness.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1464; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجَهلُ فَسادُ كُلِّ أمْرٍ.

Ignorance is the ruination of every affair.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 930; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجَهلُ أصْلُ كُلِّ شَرٍّ.

Ignorance is the root of every evil.’
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 819; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الحِرْصُ والشَّرَهُ والبُخْلُ نَتيجَةُ الجَهلِ .

Greed, voracity, and stinginess are a result of ignorance
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1694; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجَهلُ خَصْمٌ

Ignorance is an enemy.
Imām Hasan al-‘Askarī (a.s.)
al-Durrah al-Bahirah, no. 44; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : إنَّ الجاهِلَ مَن عَصى اللّه‏َ وإنْ كانَ جَميلَ المَنظَرِ عَظيمَ الخَطَرِ.

The ignorant is one who disobeys Allah, even if he is beautiful to look at and of great importance.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 1, p. 160, no. 39; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 421

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : صِفةُ الجاهِلِ : أنْ يَظلِمَ مَن خالَطَهُ ، ويَتَعدّى على منَ هُو دُونَهُ ، ويَتطاوَلَ على مَن هُو فَوقَهُ ، كلامُهُ بغَيرِ تَدَبُّرٍ....

The characteristic of an ignorant person is that he oppresses whoever he associates with, acts unjustly towards his subordinates, flatters his superiors, and his speech is without deliberation.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 29; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجاهِلُ لا يَعْرِفُ تَقْصيرَهُ‏ ولا يَقبلُ مِن النَّصيحِ لَهُ.

An ignorant person does not see his own shortcomings and is not willing to accept any advice concerning them.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1809; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجاهِلُ مَيِّتٌ وإنْ كانَ حَيّاً.

An ignorant person is dead, even though he is living
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1125; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجاهِلُ مَنِ انْخَدَعَ لِهَواهُ وغُرورِهِ.

The ignorant is one who has allowed himself to be deceived by his desires and whims.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1285; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لا تَرى الجاهِلَ إلّا مُفْرِطاً أو مُفَرِّطاً .

You will not see an ignorant person except that he is either committing excess in what he does or falling short of what he ought to do.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 70; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنَّما الجاهِلُ مَنِ اسْتَعْبَدتْهُ المَطالِبُ .

The ignorant is one whose desires have enslaved him.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3864; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : عَملُ الجاهِلِ وبَالٌ ، وعِلمُهُ ‏ضلالٌ .

The deeds of the ignorant are doomed and his knowledge is error.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6327; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 422

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنَّ الجاهِلَ مَن عَدّ نَفسَهُ‏ـ بما جَهِلَ مِن مَعرفَةِ العِلمِ ـ عالِماً ، وبِرَأيهِ مُكْتَفياً ، فمَا يَزالُ للعُلماءِ مُباعِداً وعَلَيهِم زارِياً ، ولِمَن خَالفَهُ مُخَطِّئاً ، ولِمَا لَم يَعْرِفْ‏ مِن الاُمورِ مُضَلِّلاً ، فإذا وَردَ علَيهِ مِن الاُمورِ ما لَم يَعْرِفْهُ أنْكَرَهُ وكَذّبَ بهِ وقالَ بجَهالَتِهِ : ما أعْرِفُ هذا! وما أراهُ كانَ! وما أظُنُّ أنْ يَكونَ! وأنّى كانَ؟! وذلكَ لِثِقَتِهِ بِرَأْيِه وقِلَّةِ مَعْرِفَتِهِ بجَهالَتِهِ! فمَا يَنْفَكُّ بما يَرى مِمّا يَلْتَبِسُ علَيهِ رأيُهُ مِمّا لا يَعْرِفُ للجَهلِ مُسْتَفيداً، وللحقِّ مُنكِراً، وفي الجَهالَةِ مُتَحيِّراً، وعن طَلَبِ العِلمِ مُسْتَكبِراً.

The ignorant is one who considers himself knowledgeable about what he is [in actual fact] ignorant of, and he is content with his own opinion. His attachment to scholars only increases his estrangement [from knowledge] since he is constantly finding fault with them. He deems invalid the views of those who oppose him, and that which he does not understand he sees as fallacious. If he comes across something that he does not know, he denies it and falsifies it saying, ‘I have never heard of this!’ or ‘I do not see it as possible! or ‘How can it be!’ or ‘Where is this from?’ This is due to his confidence in his own opinion and the paucity of his awareness of his own ignorance. For this reason he is attached to what he sees as beneficial from his own mistaken opinion, and as a consequence, denies the truth, remains confused in his own ignorance and too proud to seek knowledge.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 73; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 423

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مِن أخلاقِ الجاهِلِ الإجابَةُ قَبلَ أنْ يَسمَعَ، والمُعارَضَةُ قَبلَ أنْ يَفْهَمَ، والحُكْمُ بما لا يَعْلَمُ.

The attributes of the ignorant are that: he answers before listening, objects before understanding, and passes judgment on that which he does not know.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
A`alam al-Din, no. 303; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 423

الإمامُ الهاديُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجاهِلُ أسِيرُ لِسانِهِ.

The ignorant is a prisoner of his tongue.
Imām ‘Alī an-Naqī (‘Alī al-Hādī ) (a.s.)
al-Durrah al-Bahirah, no. 41; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 423

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : أجْهلُ النّاسِ المُغَترُّ بقَولِ مادِحٍ مُتَملِّقٍ ، يُحسِّنُ لَهُ القَبيحَ ويُبغِّضُ إلَيهِ النَّصيحَ.

The most ignorant of people is one who is deluded by the praise of a flatterer who beautifies evil to him and renders a sincere advice detestable.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3262; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 423

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : غايةُ الجَهلِ تَبَجُّحُ المَرءِ بِجَهْلِهِ.

The utter extremity of ignorance is for one to glorify his own ignorance.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6371; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : أعظَمُ الجَهلِ جَهلُ الإنسانِ أمرَ نَفْسِهِ.

The greatest form of ignorance is for a person to be ignorant of the condition of his own self.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2936; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : كَفى بالمرءِ جَهلاً أنْ يَرتَكِبَ ما نَهى عَنهُ .

It suffices for one to be considered ignorant if he commits that which is forbidden.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Masalib al-Sa’ ul, no. 55; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : حَسْبكَ مِن الجَهلِ أنْ تُعجَبَ بعِلْمِكَ .

Self-admiration in one’s knowledge is sufficient to be considered ignorance.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Amali al-Tusi, p. 56, no. 78; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : كفى بالمرءِ جَهلاً أنْ ‏يَجْهَلَ قَدْرَهُ .

It suffices as ignorance to be unaware of one’s status.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7050; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لا تَتَكلّمْ بكُلِّ ما تَعلَمُ فكَفى بذلكَ جَهلاً .

Do not utter all that you know since that is enough to be considered ignorance.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10187; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : كفى بخَشيَةِ اللّه‏ِ عِلْما ، وكفى بالاغْتِرارِ باللّه‏ِ جَهْلاً .

‘[Possessing] fear of Allah suffices as knowledge, and being conceited towards Him suffices as ignorance.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 70, p. 379, no. 26; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 424

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مِن الجَهل أنْ تُظهِرَ كلَّ ماعَلِمْتَ.

Ignorance is to display all that you know.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 122; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 425

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الرُّكونُ إلى الدُّنيا مَع ما تُعايِنُ مِنها جَهلٌ.

Relying on this world in spite of all that you face therein is ignorance.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 384; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 425

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : رَغْبتُكَ في المُستَحيلِ جَهلٌ.

Your desire for the impossible is ignorance.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5384; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 425

الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سألَهُ أبوه عن تفسيرِ الجَهلِ ـ : سُرعةُ الوُثوبِ علَى الفُرْصةِ قبلَ الاسْتِمْكانِ مِنها ، والامْتِناعُ عنِ الجَوابِ.

It(Ignorance) is hastening to snatch up an opportunity before having made oneself capable [of fulfilling it], and it is to refuse to answer.
Imām Hasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 401, no. 62; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 425

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الجَهلُ في ثلاثٍ : في تَبدُّلِ الإخْوانِ ، والمُنابَذَةِ بغَيرِ بَيانٍ ، والتَّجَسُّسِ عمّا لا يَعني.

Ignorance lies in three things: in compromising one’s brothers, declaring war without the command to do so, and spying into affairs that do not concern one.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 317; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 425

الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مِن الجَهلِ الضّحكُ ‏من غيرِ عَجَبٍ .

Ignorance is to laugh without any reason.
Imām Hasan al-‘Askarī (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 487; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 425

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : النّاسُ أعْداءُ ما جَهِلوهُ .

People are antagonists of what they are ignorant of.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Masalib al-Sa’ ul, no. 57; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 426

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَن جَهِلَ شيئا عابَهُ .

He who is ignorant of something finds fault with it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Kashf al-Ghamma, v. 3, p. 137; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 426

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : قلتُ أرْبَعاً أنزلَ اللّه‏ُ تعالى تَصديقي بها في كِتابِهِ...قُلتُ : مَن جَهِلَ شيئا عادَاهُ ، فأنْزلَ اللّه‏ُ: «بَلْ كَذَّبوا بِما لَم يُحيطوا بِعلْمِهِ».

I have said four things which Allah has verified with verses He has revealed in His Book … I said: ‘He who is ignorant of something will oppose it’, and He revealed: “Rather, they deny that whose knowledge they do not comprehend” Qur’an 10:39
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 426

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لا تُعادوا ما تَجهَلونَ ؛ فإنَّ أكثرَ العِلمِ فيما لا تَعْرِفونَ .

Do not oppose that which you are ignorant of; for most knowledge lies in that which you cannot fathom.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, no. 10246; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 426