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Akhlaq >> Debt

Total 39 hadees found


رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إيّاكم والدَّينَ ، فإنّه هَمٌّ بِالليلِ وذُلٌّ بالنهارِ

Beware of debt for verily it is a source of anxiety in the night and a source of disgrace during the day.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 103, p. 141, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 239

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كَثرَةُ الدَّينِ تُصَيِّرُ الصادِقَ كاذِباً والمُنجِزَ مُخْلِفاً.

Copious debts transform the truthful man into a liar and an achiever into one who is unreliable.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7105; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 239

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): خَفِّفوا الدَّينَ ، فإنّ في خِفَّةِ الدَّينِ زيادَةَ العُمُرِ

Lighten your debts, for verily with little debt comes longer life.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 103, p. 145, no. 21; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 239

الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن طَلَبَ هذا الرِّزقَ مِن حِلِّهِ لِيَعودَ بهِ عَلى نفسِهِ وعِيالِهِ كانَ كالمُجاهِدِ في سبيلِ اللّه‏ِ عزّ وجلّ ، فإن غَلَبَ علَيهِ فَلْيَستَدِنْ عَلَى اللّه‏ِ وعَلى رسولِهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ما يَقوتُ بهِ عِيالَهُ

One who seeks to gain sustenance for himself and his family in a lawful manner is as the one who fights in the way of Allah. But if he is unable to do so he may incur debt, trusting in Allah and His Prophet, in order to ensure provisions for his family.’
Imām Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 5, p. 93, no. 3; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 239

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أصنافٌ لا يُستَجابُ لَهُم ، مِنهُم مَن أدانَ رَجُلاً دَيناً إلى أجَلٍ فلَم يَكتُبْ علَيهِ كِتاباً ولَم يُشهِدْ علَيهِ شُهُوداً

There are certain types of people whose supplications are not answered. From among them is the man who lends money to someone for a specified time and neither writes it down nor has anyone witness it.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 104, p. 301, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 240

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن يَمطُلْ على ذِي حَقٍّ حَقَّهُ وهُو يَقدِرُ على أداءِ حَقِّهِ فعلَيهِ كُلَّ يومٍ خَطيئةُ عَشّارٍ.

Whoever postpones repaying someone their right while he is capable of doing has the sin of an extortionist written down for him as every day passes by.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 103, p. 146, no. 3; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 240

رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَطْلُ الغَنِيِّ ظُلمٌ

A wealthy man’s postponement [in repayment of a debt] is oppression.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 13, p. 397, no. 15713; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 240

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أبخَلُ الناسِ بِعَرَضِهِ أسخاهُم بِعِرضِهِ

The most miserly person with regards to his wealth is the most liberal in squandering away his reputation.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3190; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 240

الدَّيْنُ هَمٌّ بِاللَّيْلِ وَمَذَلَّةٌ بِالنَّهَارِ.

Debt causes day’s abasement and night’s grief.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 440; Page No. 66

الدَّيْنُ يَنْقُصُ مِنَ الدِّيْنِ وَالحَسَبِ.

Debt causes defect in one’s faith and descent.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 441; Page No. 66

الدَّيْنُ شَيْنُ الدِّيْنِ.

Debt defiles one’s faith.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 442; Page No. 66

الدَّيْنُ رَايَةُ اللَّهِ في الأرْضِ فَاِذا أَرَادَ أنْ يُذِلَّ عَبْدَاً وَضَعَهَا في عُنُقِهِ.

Debt is God’s banner on earth, which He puts on the shoulder of the one he wishes to abase.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 443; Page No. 66

اَلمَعَكُ طَرَفٌ مِنَ الظُّلْمِ.

Delay in the payment of debt is a form of injustice.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 445; Page No. 66

ما مِنْ عَبْدٍ كانَتْ لَهُ نِيَّةٌ في أدَاءِ دَيْنِهِ اِلاّ كَانَ لَهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ عَوْنٌ

God will assist anyone who intents to pay back his debts.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 736; Page No. 105

مَنْ أخَذَ أمْوَالَ النَّاسِ يُرِيْدُ أدَاءَها أدَّى اللَّهُ عَنْهُ؛ وَمَنْ أخَذَها يُرِيْدُ اِتْلافَها أتْلَفَهُ اللَّهُ

God will return the debts of those who borrow people’s property and intend to give it back, and will waste it if they intend to waste it.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 786; Page No. 112

مَنْ يَتَكَفَّلُ لِي أنْ لا يَسْأَلَ النَّاسَ شَيْئَاً أتَكَفَّلُ لَهُ بِالْجَنَّةِ

I will undertake to reserve Paradise for whoever undertakes to put no demand to people.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 978; Page No. 138

The martyr in Allah’s way is absolved of every sin except for the unpaid debt; which has no substitute. Repaying the debt is a must; or the creditor may forgo it. (otherwise even the martyr will be interrogated regarding his debts).
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 175; Wasaelush Shia Chap 4, vol.13, page 83

As soon as the first drop of a martyr’s blood is spilled all his sins are forgiven. Except for the unpaid debt, which is not excused. Its forgiveness can be achieved only by repaying (the debt).
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 175; Wasaelush Shia chap.4, Vol.13, page 85

The gravity of all this can be ascertained from the incident when a person from the Ansars departed from this world. He had left behind an unpaid debt of two dinars. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) refused to pray the namaz-e-Janaza till some of the relatives undertook the responsibility to repay the deceased’s debt. When Muawiya bin Wahab questioned Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) regarding this tradition, he (a.s.) replied: “This is an authentic tradition and the Prophet’s saying conveys the same meaning that people should derive lesson from it and understand the seriousness of debt. They should not regard it insignificant and must make it a point to repay their debts.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 175; Wasaelush Shia

Abu Samaniya asked Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (a.s.) regarding this, “I wish to go and settle down in Mecca or Madinah but I am in debt to some of the people here.” Imam (a.s.) replied: “Go home! First repay your debts. It must not be that you die in this condition and meet your Lord while you are in debt. For a believer never does Khayanat (misappropriation of trust).”
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 176; Al Kafi vol.5 page 94

A Muslim who inspite of being capable delays the repayment of debt has committed oppression upon all the Muslims
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 176; Wasaelush Shia Vol.13 page 97

May Allah curse the one who closed the door of good actions. And it is the one who is not thankful to the one who has done some good towards him. Consequently the doer of good refrains from doing the same favour towards someone else in the future.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 177; Behaarul Anwaar, Wasaelush Shia

One who takes a loan but does not care to repay it, is a thief.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 178; Wasaelush Shia chapter of Tejaarat

There are three kinds of thieves, one who does not pay Zakat, secondly one who does not consider the amount of Meher (dower) payable to the wife as an obligatory debt and one who takes a loan but does not intend to repay it.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 178; Wasaelush Shia

If the debtor intends to repay the loan, the Almighty Allah appoints two angels to help him till the loan is repaid. But if he becomes careless of this intention he becomes deprived of Allah’s blessings.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 179; Wasaelush Shia

Your debtor is not permitted to delay in repaying the loan if he is capable to pay it. In the same way you are not permitted to pressurise him unduly when you know that he is not in a position to repay you immediately.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 179; Wasaelush Shia

Do not harass your Muslim brother with a demand to the repayment of debt when you know that he is not able to repay it. Because our exalted grandfather the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) has said that it is not permitted for a Muslim to harass his Muslim brother. And if a creditor gives respite to a loanee he shall become qualified to receive the shade (and protection) of the Almighty on the day when there will be no other shade.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 179; Wasaelush Shia

There would be some people under the shade of the Arsh on the Day of Qiyamat such that their faces will be bright, their dresses and their chairs shall be glittering. Then an announcer will call: These are the people who did good towards the believers and gave respite to the incapable debtor till the time he could repay the debt.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 180; Wasaelush Shia

The trustworthy scholar of the Shias, Shaykh Kulayni (r.a.) has recorded that Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) is reported to have said: “One day the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) mounted the pulpit and after glorifying Allah and praising the prophets (a.s.) said: ‘Those who are present are under the obligation to convey (what I say now) to those who are not present (in the assembly).’ Then He (s.a.w.s.) said: ‘If one gives respite to his helpless debtor then till the time he receives his loan it is upon Allah to record the reward of Sadaqah in his scroll of deeds.’”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 180; Wasaelush Shia

Muhammad Bin Bashir came to Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) and told him that he owed a thousand Dinars to Shahab. He requested the Imam to persuade Shahab to respite him till the days of Hajj. So Imam (a.s.) summoned Shahab and said: “You know that Muhammad Bin Bashir is among our followers. He owes you a thousand Dinars. This amount was not spent by him on himself. Rather it remained as a debt upon some people and he had to bear the loss. I wish that you will forgo your thousand Dinars.” Then he (a.s.) said, “Maybe you are under the impression that his good deeds will be given to you in return of your loan?” Shahab said, “Yes, I am under this impression.” Imam (a.s.) told him, “The Almighty Allah is Merciful and Just. If someone, in order to achieve Allah’s nearness, worships Him on cold winter nights and fasts on hot summer days, circles the Holy Ka’ba. Then do you think after all this Allah will take away his good deeds and give them to you? It is not so, His mercy is much more. By His munificence He recompenses the good deeds of a believer.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 181

The most difficult time on the Day of Qiyamat will be when those eligible to receive Khums and Zakat will rise up and besiege the one who has not paid it. They will complain to Allah that this person has not paid the amount due to them from Khums and Zakat. Then Allah will transfer the good deeds of that person and give them to those who were eligible (for Zakat and Khums).”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 182

Nothing is more serious after the Greater sins than the fact that a person dies while he is in debt to people and there is nothing to (sell to) repay his debt
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 183; Mustadrakul Wasael

Such and such person who was martyred is still waiting outside Paradise. He cannot enter it because he still owes three dirhams to a Jew.”
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 183

O creatures of Allah! Know that Allah the Gracious shall question you about your every small and big deed
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 184; Surah Zilzaal 99:7-8

Oppression is of three types. One that Allah will not forgive, second which is He will forgive and lastly one which he will ‘take away’. 1. The oppression Allah will never forgive is Shirk. 2. The oppression that Allah forgives is one that a person does upon himself and it is a sin between that person and Allah. 3. The oppression that Allah ‘takes away’ is that one that a person does by not repaying his debts.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 186; Wasaelush Shia

One who is able to satisfy (please) his creditors will certainly enter Paradise without any delay in accounting. He will be in the Garden, in the company of Ismail (a.s.) the son of Ibrahim (a.s.).
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 186; Mustadrak

The debt which is returned by the debtor is more superior to the worship of a thousand years and the emancipation of a thousand slaves and performing Hajj and Umrah a thousand times
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 186; Mustadrak

If someone restores a single dirham to its rightful owner, the Almighty Allah will save him from the fire of Hell and for each Daniq (1/6 of a DIrham) he will get rewards of a prophet and for each Dirham he will get a palace of Red Pearls (in Paradise)
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 186; Mustadrak

Returning a right to its owner is better than fasting during the day and the prayers of the night. If a person returns a debt an angel cries out from below the Arsh: O servant (of Allah) from the time you began this good deed, Allah has forgiven all your past sins.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Greater Sins Vol 2, The Twenty-Sixth Greater Sin ,page 186