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Akhlaq >> Certitude/ Absolute Certainty

Total 18 hadees found


من كتاب المحاسن: عن أبي جعفر قال: قال عليٌّ في خطبةٍ له طويلةٍ: الإيمانُ على أربع دعائم: على الصبر، واليقين، والعدل، والتوحيد.

In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s) (from one of his long sermons): “There are four pillars for faith: perseverance, certitude, justice and unity.”
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 47, Hadees 18

عن أبي عبد الله قال: إنّ الإيمان أفضلُ من الإسلام، وإنّ اليقين أفضلُ من الإيمان، وما من شيءٍ أعزُّ من اليقين.

“Faith is superior to submission (to Allah), and certitude is superior to faith. Nothing is more superior than certitude.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 47, Hadees 19

عن يونس بن عبد الرحمان قال: سألت أبا الحسن الرضا عن الإيمان والإسلام، فقال: قال أبو جعفر : إنّما هو الإسلام، والإيمانُ فوقَه بدرجةٍ، والتقوى فوقَ الإيمان بدرجةٍ، واليقينُ فوقَ التقوى بدرجةٍ، ولم يُقسم بين وُلد آدم شيءٌ أقلّ من اليقين، قال: قلتُ: فأيُّ شيءٍ من اليقين؟ قال: التوكّلُ على الله، والتسليم لله، والرضى بقضاء الله، والتفويضُ إلى الله، قلتُ: ما تفسير ذلك؟ قال: هكذا قال أبو جعفر .

Yunus ibn-i-Abdul Rahman said that when he asked Imam Reza (a.s) about faith and submission to Allah, Imam Reza (a.s) replied: “Religion is only submission (Islam). Faith is a level higher than submission. Piety is a level higher than faith, and certitude is a level higher than piety. Nothing is divided amongst the children of Adam (a.s) better than certitude.” Then he said that he asked the Imam (a.s): “What are the signs of certitude?” The Imam (a.s) replied: “Reliance on Allah, submitting to Him, being content with divine destiny, and entrusting one's affairs to Allah.” Then he asked the Imam (a.s): “What does all this mean?” Then Imam Reza (a.s) replied: “This is what Imam Baqir (a.s) said.”
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 47, Hadees 20

عن صفوان الجمّال قال: سألتُ أبا عبد الله عن قول الله] وَأَمّا الْجِدارُ فَكانَ لِغُلامَيْنِ يَتيمَينِ في الْمَدِينَةِ وَكانَ تَحْتَهُ كَنْزٌ لَهما[ فقال: أما أنّه ما كان ذهبا ولا فضّةً، وإنّما كان أربع كلماتٍ؛ أنا الله لا اِلهَ إلا أنَا، مَن أيقنَ بالموت لم يضحك سِنُّه، ومَن أيقنَ بالحساب لم يَفرَح قَلبُه، ومَن أيقنَ بالقَدَر لم يَخْشَ إلا الله.

Saf'fvan al-Jammal said that he asked Imam Sadiq (a.s) about Allah's statement: “As for the wall, it belonged to two youths, orphans, in the town; there was, beneath it, a buried treasure, to which they were entitled.”[The Holy Quran: Kahf 18:82] He replied: “Know that 'treasure' in the verse did not refer to gold or silver, but the following four: (1) I am Allah, and there is no Allah but Me, (2) Whoever really believes in death will not laugh so hard that his teeth are seen, (3) Whoever really believes in being accountable for his deeds will not become happy, and (4) Whoever really believes in destiny will only fear Allah.”
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 47, Hadees 21

عن أبي جعفر قال: قال عليٌّ على المنبر: لا يَجدُ عبدٌ طعمَ الإيمان حتّى يعلم أنّ ما أصابه لم يكن ليُخطئه، وأنّ ما أخطأه لم يكن يُصيبه.

Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated that Imam Ali (a.s) went on the pulpit and said: “No one experiences true faith unless he realizes that he will obtain only what is destined to be his, and he will not obtain anything that is destined to belong to others.”
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 49, Hadees 22

عن أبي عبد الله عن آبائه عن عليّ قال: قال رسول الله : إنّ من اليقين أنْ لا تَرضوا الناس بسخط الله، ولا تَحمدوهم على ما رزقكم الله، ولا تَذمّوهم على ما لم يؤتكم الله، إنّ الرزق لا يَجُرُّه حرصُ حريصٍ ولا يردّه كراهةُ كارِهٍ، ولو أنّ أحدكم فرَّ من رزقه - كما يَفِرُّ من الموت - لكان رزقه أشدّ له طلبا، وأسرع إدراكاً من الموت، إنّ الله تعالى جعل الرَّوحَ والراحةَ في اليقين والرضا، وجعل الهمّ والحزنَ في الشكّ والسخط.

Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of his fathers (a.s) upon the authority of Imam Ali (a.s) that Allah's Prophet (a.s) said: “One of the signs of certitude is that you do not displease Allah to please the people, and do not admire the people for the daily bread that Allah has granted you through them, and that you do not blame the people for Allah depriving you of your daily bread. No one's greed will bring him an increase in his daily bread, and no one's jealousy will stop one's daily bread. If one tries to escape from his daily bread as he escapes from death, one's daily bread seeks its owner faster than death does. In fact, Allah the Almighty has established comfort and peace of mind in certitude and contentment, and has established sorrow and discomfort in anger and doubt.”
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 49, Hadees 23

عن عبد الله بن سنان قال: قال لي أبو عبد الله : مِن صحّةِ يقين المرء المسلم أن لا يُرضي الناس بسخط الله. ثمّ ساق الحديث نحوا من حديث ميمون، إلا أنّه قال: لأدركه رزقُه قبل موته كما يُدركُه الموت، ثمّ قال: إنّ الله بعدله وقسطه وعلمه جعل الرَّوحَ والفَرَجَ في اليقين والرضا عن الله I وجعل الهمَّ والحُزنَ في الشكّ والسخط، فارضوا عن الله وسلِّموا لأمره.

Abdullah ibn San'an narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “One of the signs of the perfection of certitude of a Muslim is that he does not please the people through raising Allah's anger.” In another tradition it is stated that he said: “Before death his daily bread will seek him just as his death does.” He then added: “Allah the Almighty has established comfort and happiness in certitude and contentment due to His justice and has established sorrow and sadness in doubt and anger. Therefore be content with divine destiny and submit to Allah's orders.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 49, Hadees 24

عن أبي عبد الله قال: كان قنبر غلام عليّ يُحبُّ عليّاً حُبّاً شديداً، فإذا خرج عليٌّ خرج على إثره بالسيف، فرآه ذاتَ ليلةٍ فقال: يا قنبر مالَكَ؟ فقال: جئتُ لِأمشي خلفك يا أمير المؤمنين، فقال: وَيْحَكَ! أمِن أهل السماء تَحْرُسُني أو من أهل الأرض؟ قال: لا؛ بل من أهل الأرضِ، فقال: إنّ أهل الأرض لا يستطيعون لي شيئاً لو شاءوا إلا بإذنٍ من السماء، فارجع، قال: فرجع.

Imam Sadiq (a.s) said “Imam Ali's servant named Ghanbar really liked him and would always follow him at night with his sword in order to protect him. One night Imam Ali (a.s) noticed him and asked him what he was doing. He said: “I am following you.” The Imam (a.s) asked: “Are you trying to protect me from heavenly or earthly creatures?” He replied: “I am guarding you against earthly creatures.” The Imam (a.s) said: “Please go home since no one on Earth can do me any harm unless Allah' permits so.” Then Ghanbar returned home.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 49, Hadees 25

عنه : ليس شيءٌ إلا لهُ حدٌّ، قال: قلتُ: جُعلتُ فداك فما حدُّ التوكّل؟ قال: اليقين، قلتُ: فما حدُّ اليقين؟ قال: أنْ لا تخاف مع الله شيئاً.

Imam Sadiq (a.s) said “There is nothing for which there is no limit.” He was asked what the limit for reliance is.He replied: “It is certitude.” He was asked about the limit for certitude. He replied: “That with Allah, you fear no one.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 50, Hadees 26

قيل للرضا : ما حدُّ التوكّل؟ قال: أنْ لا تخاف مع الله غيره.

Imam Reza (a.s) was asked about the limits for reliance. He replied “That with Allah, you fear no one else.”
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 51, Hadees 27

عن الصادق قال: كان عليٌّ يقول: "اللهمَّ مُنَّ عَليَّ بِالتَّوَكُّلِ عَلَيْكَ، وَالتَّفْوِيض إِلَيْكَ، والرِّضى بِقَدَرِكَ، وَالتَّسلِيمِ لأَمْرِكَ، حتّى لا أُحبُّ تَعْجِيلَ ما أَخَّرتَ ولا تَأْخِيرَ ما عجَّلتَ، يا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ."

Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s): “O' Allah! Please honor me by enabling me to be able to rely on You, and entrust You with my affairs, and be content with what You have destined for me, and submit to Your orders, so much so that I submit to your decrees and not be in a rush to obtain what you have already destined for me; and be pleased with whatever You have granted me, O' the Kindest of the kind!”
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 51, Hadees 28

عن أبي عبد الله قال: قال رسول الله 0: كفى باليقين غِنىً، وبالعبادة شغلاً.

Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that Allah's Prophet (a.s) said “Certitude is the best wealth, and Allah's worship is the best job.”
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 51, Hadees 29

وقال : إنّ محمّد بن الحنفيّة كان رجلا رابط الجأش وكان الحجّاج يلقاه فيقول له: لقد هممتُ أن أضرب الذي فيه عيناك، فيقول: كلّا! إنّ لله في كلِّ يَوْمٍ ثلاثمائة وستّين لحظةً، فأرجو أنْ يَكفيَني بإحداهُنَّ.

Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Muhammad ibn Hanifeh was a calm and brave man. Once Haj'jaj told him that he had decided to chop off his head several times. He answered: “You do not have the power to do so. There are three hundred and sixty moments for Allah each day. I wish Him to rid me of you in one of these moments.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 51, Hadees 30

عن إسحاق بن عمّار قال: سمعتُ أبا عبد الله يقول: إنّ رسول الله صلّى بالناس الصبح، فنظر إلى شابٍّ في المسجد وهو يَخفق ويهوي برأسه مصفرٌّ لونُه، وقد نَحِفَ جسمه، وغارت عيناه في رأسه، ولَصِق جِلدُه بعَظْمه، فقال له رسول الله : كيف أصبحتَ يا حارث؟ فقال: أصبحتُ يا رسول الله موقناً! فقال: فعجب رسول الله من قوله وقال له: إنّ لكلّ يقينٍ حقيقةٌ، فما حقيقةُ يقينك؟ فقال: إنّ يقيني يا رسول الله هو أَحْزَنَني وأسْهَرَ ليلي وأظمأ هواجري، فعزفتُ نفسي عن الدنيا وما فيها حتّى كأنّي أنظر إلى عرش ربّي قد نُصب للحساب، وحُشِر الخلائقُ لذلك وأنا فيهم، وكأنّي أنظر إلى أهل الجنّة يتنعّمون فيها ويتعارفون على الأرائك متّكئين، وكأنّي أنظر إلى أهل النار فيها معذّبون ويصطرخون.وكأنّي أسمع الآن زفير النار يدور في مسامعي. قال: فقال رسول الله هذا عبدٌ نَوَّرَ الله قَلبَه بالإيمان، ثمّ قال : الزم ما أنت عليه، قال: فقال له الشابّ: أُدع الله لي يا رسول الله أنْ أُرزَق الشهادة معك، قال: فدعا له بذلك، فلم يلبث أنْ خرج في بعض غزوات النبيّ فاستشهد بعد تسعة نفرٍ وكان هو العاشر.

Ishaq ibn Ammar narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “One day after the Prophet (a.s) had said the morning congregational prayer in the mosque, he saw a slim, drowsy young man in the mosque. He was pale, skinny with eyes sinking deep into his face, and his skin loosely attached to his bones. He told him: “O' Harith! How did you get through the night?” He replied: “O' Prophet of Allah! I passed the night with certitude.” The Prophet was surprised and said: “There is a sign for certitude. What is the sign of your certitude? “ He replied: “O' Prophet of Allah! The sign of my certitude is that I am sad and sleepless. I suffer from thirst in the day. I have turned away from the world and everything in it. This has gone so far that I can see my Lord's Throne set up for Reckoning. All the people have been resurrected for Reckoning, and I am amongst them and can see the residents of Heaven filled with blessings; and resting on sofas; and getting to know each other. And I see the residents of Hell being tortured in fire and crying out.It is as if right now I can hear the roaring sound of the blazing fire of Hell.” The Prophet (a.s) turned to the other people and said: “This is a man whose heart is filled with the light of faith.” He then turned to that young man and said: “Be steadfast.” The man said: “O' Prophet of Allah! Please ask Allah to honor me to accompany you in some of the wars and get martyred.” The Prophet (a.s) prayed for him, and not long after that, they went to fight in a battle and he was the tenth man to be martyred in that battle.”
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 51, Hadees 31

عن معمّر بن خلّاد عن أبي الحسن الرضا قال: كان رجلٌ من أصحاب علي يقال له قيس يصلّي، فلمّا صلّى ركعةً تطوّق أُسودٌ في موضع السجود، فلمّا ذهب يصلّي الثانية نحّى جبينه عنه فتطوّق الأسود في عنقه ثمّ انساب في قميصه. وإنّي أقبلتُ يوماً من الفرع فَحضَرتِ الصلاةُ وأنا في بعض الطريق فنزلتُ فصرتُ إلى ثمامة، فلمّا صلّيتُ ركعةً أقبل أفعى من تحت الثمامة، فلمّا دنا منّي رجع إلى الثمامة وأقبلتُ على صلاتي ولم أخَفْها، وعلى دعائي ولم أخففه،ُ ثمّ قلتُ لبعض من معي: دونَك الأفعى تحت الثمامة، فقتله، ومن لم يَخَف إلا الله كفاه الله.

Mu'amir ibn Khal'lad narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) said: “One of Imam Ali’s (a.s) companions named Ghays was performing his prayers. After saying one unit of prayer, a black snake came to where he wanted to prostrate. He turned his face away from the snake when he wanted to say the second unit of prayer, but the snake wrapped itself around his neck and then went inside his shirt.” The Imam (a.s) said: “One day I went to a place called Fore located between Mecca and Medina. When the time came to pray I got off my horse and went near a plant called Samameh. After I said one unit of my prayer, a boa came towards me from beneath the plant, and returned after it got close to me. I started my prayer, and did not cut it short. After finishing my prayers, I started saying supplications, and I did not cut that short either. When I finished, I told my companions to capture the boa. They captured and killed the boa. Allah helps whoever fears none but Him.”
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 53, Hadees 32

عن أبي القدّاح عن أبيه قال: استأذن رجلٌ من أتباع بني أمية على أبي جعفر -وكان من القوم سيل- فخفنا عليه، فقلنا: جعلنا الله فداك؛ هذا فلانٌ يستأذن عليك، فلو تواريتَ منه، وقلنا: ما هو هاهنا، قال: لا، بل ائذنوا له، قال رسول الله إنّ الله عند لسان كلّ قائلٍ، ويد كلّ باسطٍ، فهذا القائل لا يستطيع أنْ يقول إلا ما شاء الله، وهذا الباسط لا يستطيع بيده إلا بما شاء الله. قال: ثمّ أذِنَ للرجل فدخل عليه فسأله عن أشياء أمر فيها، ثمّ ذهب.

Abi Al-Ghadah quoted on the authority of his father: “One of the followers of the Ummayad clan requested permission to visit Imam Baqir (a.s). We were afraid of him and told the Imam (a.s) that he might have ill intentions. Why don't you hide and we will tell him that you are not here.” The Imam (a.s) replied: “No, let him enter. Allah's Prophet (a.s) has said that Allah hears whatever is said, and sees the hands of all the oppressors. Thus he cannot say what Allah does not want him to say, and cannot do anything that Allah does not want him to do.” Then the Imam (a.s) admitted him into his presence. He came in and asked his questions, heard the answers to his questions, and then left.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 54, Hadees 33

سأل أمير المؤمنين الحسن والحسين فقال لهما: ما بين الإيمان واليقين؟ فسكتا. فقال للحسن : أجِبْ يا أبا محمّد! قال: بينهما شِبرٌ، قال: وكيف ذاك؟ قال: لأنَّ الإيمان ما سمعناه بآذاننا وصدقناه بقلوبنا، واليقين ما أبصرناه بأعيننا واستدللنا به على ما غاب عنّا.

Imam Ali (a.s) asked Imam Hassan (a.s) and Imam Hussein (a.s) the difference between faith and certitude. They remained silent. “There is only one hand-breadth distance between the two.” Imam Ali (a.s) asked: “How come?” He replied: “Since faith is related to what we hear and acknowledge with our heart, and certitude is related to what we see and use to argue in favor of what we cannot see.
Imām Hasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 54, Hadees 34

سُئل الرضا عن قول الله لإبراهيم صلوات الله عليه: ]أَوَلَمْ تُؤْمِنْ قالَ بلى وَلكِنْ لِيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبي[ أكانَ في قلبه شكٌّ؟ قال: لا، كان فيه يقينٌ ولكن أرادَ من الله الزيادةَ على يقينه.

Regarding Allah's statement to Abraham (a.s): “Dost thou not then believe? He said: Yea! But to satisfy my own understanding.” [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:260] Imam Reza (a.s) was asked: “Was there any doubt in his heart?” Imam Reza (a.s) replied: “No, there was certitude in his heart. But Allah had decided to increase his certitude.
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Mishkat ul-Anwar, Section 1 on Faith, Islam & Related Issues, Chapter 3 On Certitude,Page 55, Hadees 35