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Adaab >> Polytheism

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رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ لعبد اللّه‏ بن مسعود ـ: يابنَ مَسعودٍ ، إيّاكَ أن تُشرِكَ بِاللّه‏ِ طَرفَةَ عَينٍ وإن نُشِرتَ بِالمِنشارِ ، أو قُطِّعتَ ، أو صُلِبتَ ، أو اُحرِقتَ بِالنارِ.

O Ibn Mas`aud, beware of ever associating anything with Allah for even the twinkling of an eye, even if you are to be cut up with a saw, amputated, crucified or burnt with fire.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Makarim al- Akhlaq, v. 2, p. 357, no. 2660; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 696

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ بَني اُمَيَّةَ أطلَقُوا لِلنّاسِ تَعليمَ الإيمانِ ولَم يُطلِقُوا تَعليمَ الشِّركِ ؛ لِكَي إذا حَمَلُوهُم علَيهِ لَم يَعرِفُوهُ.

Verily the Umayyads used to freely point out people's faith to them [condescendingly], but did not freely point out polytheism, so that when it came to their converting them [the people] to it, they would not be able to recognise it
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 415, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 696

الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عن أدنَى الشِّركِ ـ: مَن قالَ لِلنَّواةِ: إنَّها حَصاةٌ ، ولِلحَصاةِ: إنّها نَواةٌ ، ثُمّ دانَ بهِ.

Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.) was once asked what the absolute minimum of polytheism was, to which he replied, 'It is to call fruit kernels stones and vice versa, and to believe them as such.
Imām Muhammad ibn ‘Alī al-Baqir (a.s.)
al-Kafi, p. 397, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 697

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئل عَن أدنَى الشرك ـ: مَنِ ابتَدَعَ رَأياً فَأحَبَّ علَيهِ أو أبغَضَ علَيهِ.

Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.) was once asked what the absolute minimum of polytheism was, to which he replied, 'It is to contrive a ruling and falsely cause people to take sides for and against it
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Kafi, no. 2; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 697

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إيّاكَ وما يُعتَذَرُ مِنهُ ، فإنَّ فيهِ الشِّركَ الخَفِيَّ.

Beware of committing anything that warrants justification, for verily that is hidden polytheism
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 200, no. 28; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 697

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولِهِ تعالى: «وَما يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ...» ـ: هُو الرَّجُلُ يقولُ: لَولا فُلانٌ لَهَلَكتُ ، ولَولا فُلانٌ لَأصَبتُ كذا وكذا، ولَولا فُلانٌ لَضاعَ عِيالي ، ألا تَرى أ نّهُ قد جَعَلَ للّه‏ِِ شَريكاً في مُلكِهِ يَرزُقُهُ ويَدفَعُ عَنهُ؟!قالَ [ الراوي ] قلتُ: فيقولُ: لَولا أنَّ اللّه‏َ مَنَّ عَليَّ بِفلانٍ لَهَلَكتُ ؟ قال: نَعَم ، لا بَأسَ بهذا .

Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.) said when interpreting the Qur’anic verse: “And most of them do not believe in Allah without ascribing partners to Him”, ‘This is in reference to man’s statement: “Were it not for ‘x’ I would surely have perished”, or “Were it not for ‘x’ I would indeed have been afflicted” or “Were it not for ‘x’ my family would be at a loss.” Do you not see that he has associated a partner to Allah in His Kingdom giving him sustenance and repelling misfortune from him?’ He was subsequently asked, ‘What if one were to say, “Were it not for Allah granting me x’s help, I would have perished…?” Imam replied, 'There is nothing wrong with saying things like this.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tafsir al-`Ayyashi, v. 2, p. 200, no. 96; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 697

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ أيضا ـ: شِركُ طاعَةٍ ولَيسَ شِركَ عِبادَةٍ.

Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.) said when interpreting the Qur’anic verse: “And most of them do not believe in Allah without ascribing partners to Him”, ‘This refers to ascribing partners in Allah's obedience, not [just] in His worship
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 397, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 698

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ الشِّركَ أخفى مِن دَبِيبِ النَّملِ . وقالَ: مِنهُ تَحويلُ الخاتَمِ لِيَذكُرَ الحاجَةَ وشِبهُ هذا .

Polytheism is more discreet than the crawling of an ant, and includes things like turning one's ring to make a wish, and other such [superstitions].
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 379, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 698

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولِهِ تعالى: «وما يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ بِاللّه‏ِ إلّا وَهُمْ مُشْرِكُونَ» ـ: كانُوا يَقولونَ: نُمطَرُ بِنَوءِ كذا ، وبِنَوءِ كذا ، ومِنها أ نّهُم كانوا يَأتُونَ الكُهّانَ فَيُصَدِّقُونَهُم بما يَقولونَ .

Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.) said when interpreting the Qur’anic verse: “And most of them do not believe in Allah without ascribing partners to Him”, ‘This refers to when people used to say, 'We are being rained on from the storm of x, or the storm of y [referring to various false gods]. And they used to consult soothsayers and believe whatever they told them
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 58, p. 317, no. 8; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 698