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Adaab >> Miserliness

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الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخْلُ جامعٌ لِمَساوئِ العُيوبِ، وهُو زِمامٌ يُقادُ بهِ إلى كلِّ سُوءٍ.

Miserliness encompasses all vices, and it is a rein with which one is led to every defect.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 307, no. 36; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 609

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخلُ عارٌ.

Miserliness is [a source of] shame
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Nahj al-Balagha, Saying 3; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 609

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخلُ جِلْبابُ المَسْكَنَةِ .

Miserliness is the garment of wretchedness.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 238, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 609

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخلُ بالموجودِ سُوءُ الظَّنِّ بالمَعبودِ

Miserliness in giving [to others] what is at hand is a mistrust in God
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1258; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 610

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَن بَخِلَ بمالِهِ ذَلَّ، مَن بَخِلَ بِدينِهِ جَلَّ .

A man who is miserly with his money will face humiliation, but a man who is miserly with his faith [i.e. he does not readily give it up] will be dignified.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, nos. 7921-7922; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 610

الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) لَمّا سَألَهُ أبوهُ عنِ الشُّحِّ : أن تَرى ما في يَدَيكَ شَرَفا وما أنفَقتَ تَلَفا .

[It is] (Greed) when you count what is in your hands as a source of honour, while you count what you have given away as a waste
Imām Hasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 305, no. 23; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 610

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنّما الشَّحِيحُ مَن مَنَعَ حَقَّ اللّه ، وأنفَقَ في غَيرِ حَقِّ اللّه عز و جل.

The miser is he who denies what is Allah’s right, and spends instead for a purpose other than Allah’s sake.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v.73 p.305, no. 25; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 610

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الشُّحُّ أشَدُّ مِنَ البُخلِ ، إنَّ البَخِيلَ يَبخَلُ بما في يَدِهِ ، والشَّحِيحَ يَشُحُّ عَلى ما في أيدِي الناسِ وعلى ما في يَدِهِ ، حتّى لا يَرَى في أيدِي الناسِ شَيئا إلاّ تَمَنّى أن يكونَ لَهُ بالحِلِّ والحَرامِ ، لا يَشبَعُ ولا يَنتَفِعُ بما رَزَقَهُ اللّه.

Greed is worse than miserliness because a miser is parsimonious in spending what he has, whilst a greedy man covets that which others possess in addition to what he himself possesses, such that whatever he sees in the hands of others he wishes to be his – lawfully or unlawfully. He cannot be satiated, and nor does he derive any benefit from what Allah has granted him
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Tuhaf al-`Uqoul, no. 371, 372; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 610

الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخلُ يُمَزِّقُ العِرْضَ.

Miserliness rips one’s honour apart
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 357, no. 12; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 611

الإمامُ الهادي (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخلُ أذَمُّ الأخلاقِ.

Miserliness is the most blameworthy vice.
Imām ‘Alī an-Naqī (‘Alī al-Hādī ) (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 199, no. 27; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 611

رسولُ اللّه‏ صلى ‏الله ‏عليه ‏و‏آله : أقلُّ النّاسِ راحةً البخيلُ.

The least comfortable one among people is the miser
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 300, no. 2; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 611

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البَخيلُ خازِنٌ لِوَرَثتِهِ.

The miser stores [wealth] for his inheritors
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 464; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 611

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البُخـلُ يُـذِلُّ مُصـاحِـبَـهُ ، ويُعِزُّ مُجانِبَهُ.

Miserliness humiliates its companion and honours the one who abandons it.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1409; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 611

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : ليسَ لِبخيلٍ حبيبٌ

A miser can have no friend
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7473; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 611

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : عَجِبتُ للبخيلِ يَستعجِلُ الفَقرَ الّذي مِنه هَرَبَ ، ويَفُوتُهُ الغِنى الّذي إيّاهُ طَلبَ ، فيعيشُ في الدُّنيا عَيْشَ الفُقراءِ ، ويُحاسَبُ في الآخِرةِ حسابَ الأغنياءِ..

I wonder at the miser – he expedites the same poverty from which he escapes, and misses the same richness for which he yearns! So he leads a life of deprivation in this world like the poor, yet he will be judged with the rich in the Hereafter.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 199, no. 28; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 612

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : حاجَتُكَ إلى البـخيلِ أبْـرَدُ مِـن الزَّمْهَريرِ.

Your need to a miser is colder than the cold wind.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 31, no. 99; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 612

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنّ أحقَّ النّاسِ بأن يَتمنّى للنّاسِ الغِنى البُخَلاءُ ؛ لأنَّ النّاسَ إذا استَغْنَوا كَفُّوا عن أموالِهِم.

No one should love for others to be rich as much as the misers; for when others become rich, they would subsequently keep away from their wealth
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Amali al-Saduq, p. 316, no. 8; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 612

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : حَسْبُ البخيلِ مِن بُخلِهِ سُوءُ الظَّنِّ بربِّهِ ، مَن أيقَنَ بالخَلَفِ جادَ بالعَطيّةِ .

The miser’s parsimony suffices as mistrust of his Lord, for a man who is certain of [God’s] compensation would give generously.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 306, no. 28; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 612

رسولُ اللّه صلى ‏الله ‏عليه ‏و‏آله : إنّما البَخيلُ حَقُّ البَخيلِ الّذي يَمنعُ الزَّكاةَ المَفروضةَ في مالِهِ ، ويَمنعُ البائِنَةَ في قومِهِ ، وهُو فيما سِوى ذلكَ يُبَذِّرُ.

The real miser is the one who refuses to pay the mandatory alms-tax from his wealth, and refuses to spend on the necessities of his people, yet he squanders it on other things.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 245, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 613

رسولُ اللّه صلى ‏الله ‏عليه‏ و‏آله : البخيلُ حقّا مَن ذُكِرْتُ عِندَهُ فَلَم يُصَلِّ علَيَّ.

The real miser is he before whom my name is mentioned and he does not say ‘peace be upon him’
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 306, no. 28; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 613

رسولُ اللّه اللّه صلى ‏الله ‏عليه‏ و‏آله : أبْخَلُ النّاسِ مَن بَخِـلَ بمـا افترَضَ اللّه‏ُ علَيهِ.

The most miserly person is he who refuses to give what Allah has made obligatory [i.e. the alms-tax].
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 300, no. 2; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 613

رسولُ اللّه اللّه صلى ‏الله ‏عليه‏ و‏آله : إنّ أبخَلَ النّاسِ مَن بَخِلَ بالسَّلام.

The most miserly person is he who is miserly with his greeting [i.e. he does not greet others].
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 76, p. 4, no. 11; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 613

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنّ سَخاءَ النّفْسِ عمّا في أيدي النّاسِ لَأفضَلُ مِن سَخاءِ البَذلِ.

A person’s freedom from [coveting] what others possess is better than the liberality in giving
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 76, p. 4, no. 3537; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 614

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنّ أمـيـرَ الـمؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) بَعثَ إلى رجُلٍ بخَمسةِ أوْساقٍ مِن تَمرٍ ... فقالَ رجُلٌ لأميرِ المؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : واللّه ما سألَكَ فُلانٌ ، ولَقد كانَ يُجْزيهِ مِن‏الخَمسةِ أوْساقٍ وَسَقٌ واحدٌ ! فقالَ لَه أميرُالمؤمنينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لا كَثّرَ اللّه‏ُ في المؤمنينَ ضَرْبَكَ ! اُعطي أنا وتَبخَلُ أنتَ ؟.

The Commander of the Faithful (AS) sent someone five camel-loads of dates … at which a man said to him, ‘By Allah, he did not even ask you for anything. Indeed, one camel-load would have been enough to recompense him!’ The Commander of the Faithful (AS) replied, ‘May Allah increase not the people of your type! I am giving and you are the one being miserly?!
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 6, p. 318, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 614

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : كَثرَةُ العِلَلِ آيةُ البُخلِ.

Abundance of excuses [for not giving] is a sign of miserliness.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 209, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 614

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : البخيلُ مُتَحَجِّجٌ بالمَعاذِيرِ والتَّعالِيلِ.

The miser justifies himself by presenting [many] excuses and justifications.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1275; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 614