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رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَنْ قَلَّ طُعْمُهُ صَحَّ بَطْنُهُ وَصَفَا قَلْبُهُ، وَمَنْ كَثُرَ طُعْمُهُ سَقُمَ بَطْنُهُ وقَسَا قَلْبُهُ.

A man whose [consumption of] food is little has a healthy stomach and a pure heart, and a man whose food is plenty has a sickly stomach and a hard heart
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 46; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 327

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : قِلَّةُ الأَكْلِ مِنَ العَفَافِ ، وَكَثْرَتُهُ مِنَ الإسْرَافِ.

Eating little is a sign of self-restraint, and eating a lot is a sign of wastefulness.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 16, p. 213, no. 19634; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 327

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَا مَلأ آدَمِيٌّ وِعَاءً شَرَّاً مِنْ بَطْنِهِ.

Man cannot fill a container worse than his stomach.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 100; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 328

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : لا يَدْخُلُ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاواتِ والأرْضِ مَنْ مَلَأ بَطْنَهُ.

A man who fills his stomach will not enter the dominion of the heavens and the earth.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 100; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 328

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : إيَّاكُمْ وَفُضُولَ المَطْعَمِ ؛ فإنَّهُ يَسِمُ القَلْبَ بِالقَسوةِ ، وَيُبْطِئُ بِالجَوارِحِ عَنِ الطّاعَةِ، وَيُصِمُّ الهِمَمَ عَنْ سَمَاعِ المَوْعِظَةِ .

Be warned against excessive food, for it poisons the heart with hardness, slows the limbs in performing acts of obedience, and blocks the souls from hearing counsel.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 182, no. 10; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 328

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ كَثُرَ أَكْلُهُ قَلَّتْ صِحَّتُهُ ، وَثَقُلَتْ عَلى نَفْسِهِ مُؤْنَتُهُ .

A man who eats excessively, his health declines and his burden becomes heavier than he can endure.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8903; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 328

فيما نسب إلى الإمامِ الصّادقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ : لَيْسَ شَيْءٌ أضَرَّ على قلب المُؤْمِنِ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ الأكْلِ ، وَهِيَ مُورِثَةٌ لِشَيْئَيْنِ: قَسْوَةِ القَلْبِ ، وَهَيَجَانِ الشَّهْوَةِ .

Hunger and disease cannot coexist.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 16, p. 222, no. 19652; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 328

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لاَ تَجْتَمِعُ الفِطْنَةُ وَالبِطْنَةُ

Astuteness and gluttony cannot coexist.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 12, p. 94, no. 13615; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 329

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إذَا مُلِئَ البَطْنُ مِنَ المُبَاحِ عَمِيَ القَلْبُ عَنِ الصَّلاَحِ.

When the stomach is filled with [even] permissible food, the heart becomes blind to goodness.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4139; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 329

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : الشِّبَعُ يُفسِدُ الوَرَعَ.

Overeating spoils piety.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 659; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 329

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : نِعْمَ عَوْنُ المَعاصِي الشِّبَعُ.

Overeating is the greatest aid to acts of disobedience.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9922; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 329

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : طُوبَى لِمَنْ طَوَى وَجَاعَ وَصَبَرَ، اُولئكَ الّذِينَ يَشْبَعُونَ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ .

Applaud a man who abstains from food, sleeps hungry, and has patience. These are the ones who will be satiated on the Day of Judgment.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 462, no. 17; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 329

في حديثِ المعراج : قال [رسولُ اللّه‏ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ]: يا رَبِّ، مَا مِيراثُ الجُوعِ ؟ قال : الحِكْمَةُ ، وَحِفْظُ القَلْبِ ، والتَّقَرُّبُ إلَيّ ، والحُزْنُ الدّائمُ ، وَخِفَّةُ المَؤونَةِ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ ، وَقَوْلُ الحَقِّ ، وَلا يُبالِي عَاشَ بِيُسْرٍ أوْ بِعُسْرٍ.

In the Hadith Of Meeraj (The Prophet’s Ascension to the heavens), the Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘O Allah! What is the outcome of hunger?’ He said, ‘Wisdom, protection of the heart, drawing closer to Me, lasting sorrow, less burden on the people, telling the truth, and lack of concern whether one lives in wealth or poverty.’
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 22, no. 6; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 330

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : نِعْمَ العَوْنُ عَلى أسْرِ النَّفْسِ وَكَسْرِ عَادَتِها التَّجَوُّعُ .

How good a helper hunger is at taming the self and breaking its habit.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 16, p. 214, no. 19634; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 330

الإمامُ الهاديُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : السَّهَرُ ألذُّ لِلمَنَامِ ، والجُوعُ يَزِيدُ فِي طِيبِ الطَّعَامِ .

Lack of sleep sweetens sleeping and hunger increases the tastiness of food.
Imām ‘Alī an-Naqī (‘Alī al-Hādī ) (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 369, no. 4; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 330

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : كُلْ وَأنتَ تَشْتَهِي ، وَأمْسِكْ وَأنتَ تَشْتَهِي.

Eat when you desire and stop while you still desire.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 62, p. 290; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 330

الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ أرادَ أنْ يَكُونَ صَالِحا خَفِيفَ الجِسْمِ (وَاللّحْمِ) فَلْيُقَلِّلْ مِنْ عَشائِه بِاللَّيْلِ.

A man who wants to be healthy and have a light body must decrease his dinner.
Imām Alī ibn Mūsā al-Rezā (a.s.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v.62, p. 324; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 330

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَنْ أكَلَ وَذُو عَيْنَيْنِ يَنْظُرُ إلَيْهِ وَلَمْ يُواسِهِ، ابْتُلِي بِدَاءٍ لاَ دَوَاءَ لَهُ.

A man who is eating and is being watched by another, to whom he does not offer to share his food will be afflicted with an incurable disease.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 47; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 331

رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : المُؤْمِنُ يَأْكُلُ بشَهْوَةِ أهْلِهِ ، والمُنَافِقُ يَأْكُلُ أهْلُهُ بِشَهْوَتِهِ.

The believer eats according to the desire of his family, while the hypocrite makes his family eat according to his own desires.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 62, p. 291; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 331

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ ذَكَرَ اسْمَ اللّه‏ِ عِنْدَ طَعَامٍ أوْ شَرَابٍ فِي أوّلِهِ ، وَحَمِدَ اللّه‏َ فِي آخِرِهِ لَمْ يُسْألْ عَنْ نَعِيمِ ذلِكَ الطَّعَامِ أبَداً.

Whoever mentions the name of Allah at the beginning of [eating his] food or drink and thanks Allah at the end will never be asked about the favor of this food.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 16, p. 484, no. 5; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 331

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : ابْدَؤوا بِالمِلْحِ فِي أوَّلِ طَعَامِكُمْ ، فَلَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مَا فِي المِلْحِ لاخْتَارُوُهُ عَلَى الدِّرْيَاقِ المُجَرَّبِ

Start with salt before you eat. If people knew what [benefits] salt has, they would prefer it to tested medicine.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 16, p. 520, no. 3; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 331

الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : أقِرُّوا الحَارَّ حَتّى يَبْرَدَ ، فإنَّ رَسُولَ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) قُرِّبَ إلَيْهِ طَعَامٌ حَارٌّ فَقَالَ : أقِرُّوهُ حَتَّى يَبْرَدَ ، مَا كَانَ اللّه‏ُعزّ وجلّ لِيُطْعِمَنَـا النَّـارَ ، وَالبَرَكَةُ فِي البَارِدِ .

Set hot food aside until it cools off, for when the Prophet (SAWA) was given hot food, he said, ‘Set it aside until it cools down, for Allah, Mighty and Exalted, would not feed us fire when blessings lie with that which is cool.
Amir al-Mu'minin Imām ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
al-Kafi, v. 6, p. 321, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 332

الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : فِي المَائدةِ اثْنَتَا عَشرَةَ خَصْلَةً يَجِبُ عَلى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ أنْ يَعْرِفَهَا : أرْبَعٌ مِنْها فَرْضٌ، وَ أرْبَعٌ سُنَّةٌ، وأرْبَعٌ تأدِيبٌ. فَأمَّا الفَرْضُ : فَالمَعْرِفَةُ ، وَالرِّضَا ، وَالتَّسْمِيَةُ، وَالشُّكْرُ . وَأمَّا السُّنَّةُ : فَالوُضُوءُ قَبْلَ الطَّعَامِ ، والجُلُوسُ عَلَى الجَانِبِ الأيْسَرِ ، والأكْلُ بِثَلاثِ أصَابِعَ، وَلَعْقُ الأصَابِعِ. وَأمّا التَّأدِيبُ : فَالأكْلُ مِمَّا يَلِيكَ ، وَتَصْغِيرُ اللُّقْمَةِ ، وَتَجْوِيدُ المَضْغِ ، وَقِلّةُ النّظَرِ فِي وُجُوهِ النّاسِ.

There are twelve things that every Muslim should know about the table [manners]; four are mandatory, four are recommended, and four are general manners. The mandatory are: knowledge [of the food], to be content with it, mentioning the name of Allah [before it], and offering thanks to Him [afterwards]. The recommended acts are: ablution before eating, sitting on one’s left side, eating with three fingers, and licking the fingers [after the meal]. And the general manners are: eating from the closest spot to you, taking small bites, chewing well, and rarely looking at people’s faces [while eating].
Imām Hasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 16, p. 539, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 325

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَنْ غَسَلَ يَدَهُ قَبْلَ الطَّعَامِ وَبَعْدَهُ بُورِكَ لَهُ فِي أوَّلِهِ وَآخِرِهِ ، وَعَاشَ مَاعَاشَ في سَعَةٍ، وَعُوفِيَ مِنْ بَلْوىً فِي جَسَدِهِ.

He who washes his hands before and after eating will be blessed at the beginning and at the end of his food. As long as he lives, he will be in comfort, and he will be cured of the ills of his body.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
al-Mahajjat al-Baydha, v. 3, p. 6; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 332

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ عن آبائهِ في حديثِ مَناهي النّبيِّ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ : ونَهَى أنْ يُنْفَخَ فِي طَعَامٍ أو شَرَابٍ.

Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.) narrated, on the authority of his fathers about the tradition entailing certain prohibitions of the Prophet (SAWA), ‘He prohibited blowing on food or drink.’
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 16, p. 518, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 332

الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : لاَ تَدَعُوا آنِيَتَكُمْ بِغَيْرِ غِطَاءٍ ؛ فإنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ إذَا لَمْ تُغَطَّ الآنِيَةُ بَزَقَ فِيها، وَأخَذَ مِمَّا فِيهَا مَا شَاءَ.

Do not leave your plates uncovered for Satan spits on uncovered plates and takes from them what he wants.
Imām Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sādiq (a.s.)
Mustadrak al-Wasa`il, v. 8, p. 295, no. 9485; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 333

الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سُئلَ عنِ السَّفْلَةِ ـ : الّذِي يَأْكُلُ فِي الأسْوَاقِ .

Imām Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim (a.s.) when he was asked who the contemptible person was, replied, ‘The one who eats in the marketplaces.
Imām Mūsā ibn Ja‘far al-Kāżim (a.s.)
Wasael al-Shi`aah, v. 16, p. 510, no. 1; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 333

رُويَ: أطِيلُوا الجُلُوسَ عَلى المَوائِدِ؛ فَإنَّها أوْقَاتٌ لاَ تُحْسَبُ مِنْ أعْمارِكُمْ

Prolong your seating at the dinnertable, for these are times that will not [need to] be accounted for as part of your lives
Infallible Imam (a.s)
al-Ikhtisas, p. 253; Mizan ul Hikmah, page No. 333

تَعَشَّوْا وَلَوْ بِكَفٍّ مِنْ حَشَفٍ؛ فَاِنَّ تَرْكَ العِشِاءِ مَهْرَمَةٌ

Have supper, though a handful of bad date might be there, for surely doing the reverse brings old age and weakness.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 863; Page No. 122

آكُلُ كَمَا يَأْكُلُ الْعَبْدُ؛ وَأَجْلِسُ كَمَا يَجْلِسُ الْعَبْدُ

I eat food like slaves and sit on the ground as they do.
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 959; Page No. 136

بَرِّدُوْا طَعَامَكُمُ يُبَارَكُ لَكُمْ فِيْهِ

Make your food cold to bring you bliss (health).
Holy Prophet Muhammad al Mustafā (s.a.w.w.)
Nahj al Fasahah; Tradition No. 1223; Page No. 175